Homi J. Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Homi Jehangir Bhabha 1960s.jpg
Born(1909-10-30)30 October 1909
Bombay, British India (present-day Mumbai India)
Died24 January 1966(1966-01-24) (aged 56)
Mont Blanc, Alps
Cause of deathAir India Flight 101 crash
ResidenceNew Delhi,India
Alma materCathedral & John Connon School
University of Mumbai
University of Cambridge
Known forIndian nuclear programme
Cascade process of Cosmic radiations
point particles
Bhabha Scattering
Theoretical prediction of Muon
AwardsAdams Prize (1942)
Padma Bhushan (1954)
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Scientific career
FieldsNuclear Physics
InstitutionsAtomic Energy Commission of India
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Cavendish Laboratory
Indian Institute of Science
Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment
Doctoral advisorRalph H. Fowler
Other academic advisorsPaul Dirac

Homi Jehangir Bhabha (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist, founding director, and professor of physics at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).[2] Colloquially known as "father of the Indian nuclear programme",[3] Bhabha was also the founding director of the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) which is now named the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honor. TIFR and AEET were the cornerstone of Indian development of nuclear weapons which Bhabha also supervised as director.[3]

Early life

The Great Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born into a wealthy and prominent industrial family, through which he was related to businessmen Dinshaw Maneckji Petit,  and Dorabji Tata. He was born on 30 October 1909, in an illustrious family with a long tradition of learning and service to the country. His father was Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha, a well known Parsi lawyer and his mother was Meheren.[4] He received his early studies at Bombay's Cathedral and John Connon School and entered Elphinstone College at age 15 after passing his Senior Cambridge Examination with Honors.

He then attended the Royal Institute of Science until 1927 before joining Caius College of Cambridge University. This was due to the insistence of his father and his uncle Dorab Tata, who planned for Bhabha to obtain a degree in mechanical engineering from Cambridge and then return to India, where he would join the Tata Steel or Tata Steel Mills in Jamshedpur as a metallurgist.

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