Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit is a term found in English translations of the Bible that is understood differently among the Abrahamic religions.[1][2] The term is also used to describe aspects of other religions and belief structures.

Etymology

The word spirit (from the Latin spiritus meaning "breath") appears either alone or with other words, in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament. Combinations include expressions such as the "Holy Spirit", "Spirit of God", and in Christianity, "Spirit of Christ".[3]

The word spirit is rendered as רוּחַ (ruach) in Hebrew-language parts of the Old Testament.[4] In its Aramaic parts, the term is rûacḥ.[5] The Greek translation of the Old Testament, the Septuagint, translates the word as πνεῦμα (pneuma).[4] This is the same word that is used throughout the New Testament, written originally in Greek.[6]

The English term spirit comes from its Latin origin, spiritus, which is how the Vulgate translates both the Old and New Testament concept.[7] The alternative term, "Holy Ghost", comes from Old English translations of spiritus.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Heilige Gees
العربية: الروح القدس
asturianu: Espíritu Santu
azərbaycanca: Müqəddəs Ruh
беларуская: Святы Дух
български: Свети Дух
brezhoneg: Spered Santel
català: Esperit Sant
čeština: Duch svatý
chiShona: Mweya Mutsvene
eesti: Püha Vaim
Ελληνικά: Άγιο Πνεύμα
español: Espíritu Santo
Esperanto: Sankta Spirito
français: Saint-Esprit
Gàidhlig: An Spiorad Naomh
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sṳn-lìn
한국어: 성령
հայերեն: Սուրբ Հոգի
hrvatski: Duh Sveti
Igbo: Mmuo Nso
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এসপিরিটো সান্টো (রাজ্য)
Bahasa Indonesia: Roh Kudus
interlingua: Spirito Sancte
íslenska: Heilagur andi
italiano: Spirito Santo
ქართული: სულიწმინდა
Kiswahili: Roho Mtakatifu
Кыргызча: Касиеттүү Рух
latviešu: Svētais Gars
Lëtzebuergesch: Hellege Geescht
lietuvių: Šventoji Dvasia
magyar: Szentlélek
македонски: Свет Дух
Malagasy: Fanahy Masina
Bahasa Melayu: Roh Kudus
Nederlands: Heilige Geest
Nedersaksies: Heilige Geest
日本語: 聖霊
norsk nynorsk: Den heilage ande
олык марий: Шнуй Шӱлыш
português: Espírito Santo
reo tahiti: Te Varua Maitai
română: Duhul Sfânt
rumantsch: Sontg Spiert
Runa Simi: Ch'uya Ispiritu
русский: Святой Дух
Simple English: Holy Spirit
slovenčina: Duch Svätý
slovenščina: Sveti Duh
српски / srpski: Свети дух
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sveti Duh
தமிழ்: தூய ஆவி
Türkçe: Kutsal Ruh
українська: Святий Дух
Tiếng Việt: Thánh Linh
吴语: 聖神
粵語: 聖靈
中文: 聖靈