Hohhot is currently served by Baita International Airport. With the rapid expansion of the city, the airport is now surrounded by urban area. It has no more room to expand to accommodate growing traffic, while the presence of the airport in the middle of the city has severely restricted urban development.
In April 2012, the city of Hohhot launched the project to build a new airport to replace Baita Airport. It chose a site in Qiaoshiying Township, Horinger County, south of the city center, and named it Hohhot Shengle International Airport. The name refers to Shengle, capital of the Kingdom of Dai in the 4th century CE. In September 2013, an office overseeing the construction of the airport was established in Horinger and began acquiring land and relocating residents. The Civil Aviation Administration of China evaluated the site starting in December 2013 and gave its approval in 2015. On 15 January 2019, the airport was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.