Hiragana

  • hiragana
    平仮名
    ひらがな
    ひ 教科書体.svg
    type
    syllabary
    languagesjapanese and okinawan
    time period
    ~800 ad to the present
    parent systems
    oracle bone script
    • seal script
      • clerical script
        • regular script (kanji)
          • man'yōgana
            • hiragana
              平仮名
              ひらがな
    sister systems
    katakana, hentaigana
    directionleft-to-right
    iso 15924hira, 410
    unicode alias
    hiragana
    u+1b130–u+1b16f

    hiragana (平仮名, japanese pronunciation: [çiɾaɡaꜜna][note 1]) is a japanese syllabary, one component of the japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (latin script). it is a phonetic lettering system. the word hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" kana ("simple" originally as contrasted with kanji).[1][2]

    hiragana and katakana are both kana systems. with one or two minor exceptions, each sound in the japanese language (strictly, each mora) is represented by one character (or one digraph) in each system. this may be either a vowel such as "a" (hiragana ); a consonant followed by a vowel such as "ka" (); or "n" (), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like english m, n, or ng ([ŋ]) when syllable-final, or like the nasal vowels of french. because the characters of the kana do not represent single consonants (except in the case of ん "n"), the kana are referred to as syllabic symbols and not alphabetic letters.[3]

    hiragana is used to write okurigana (kana suffixes following a kanji root, for example to inflect verbs and adjectives), various grammatical and function words including particles, as well as miscellaneous other native words for which there are no kanji or whose kanji form is obscure or too formal for the writing purpose.[4] words that do have common kanji renditions may also sometimes be written instead in hiragana, according to an individual author's preference, for example to impart an informal feel. hiragana is also used to write furigana, a reading aid that shows the pronunciation of kanji characters.

    there are two main systems of ordering hiragana: the old-fashioned iroha ordering and the more prevalent gojūon ordering.

  • writing system
  • table of hiragana
  • obsolete kana
  • spelling rules
  • history
  • stroke order and direction
  • unicode
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Hiragana
平仮名
ひらがな
ひ 教科書体.svg
Type
LanguagesJapanese and Okinawan
Time period
~800 AD to the present
Parent systems
Sister systems
Katakana, Hentaigana
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Hira, 410
Unicode alias
Hiragana

Hiragana (平仮名, Japanese pronunciation: [çiɾaɡaꜜna][note 1]) is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script). It is a phonetic lettering system. The word hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" kana ("simple" originally as contrasted with kanji).[1][2]

Hiragana and katakana are both kana systems. With one or two minor exceptions, each sound in the Japanese language (strictly, each mora) is represented by one character (or one digraph) in each system. This may be either a vowel such as "a" (hiragana ); a consonant followed by a vowel such as "ka" (); or "n" (), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like English m, n, or ng ([ŋ]) when syllable-final, or like the nasal vowels of French. Because the characters of the kana do not represent single consonants (except in the case of ん "n"), the kana are referred to as syllabic symbols and not alphabetic letters.[3]

Hiragana is used to write okurigana (kana suffixes following a kanji root, for example to inflect verbs and adjectives), various grammatical and function words including particles, as well as miscellaneous other native words for which there are no kanji or whose kanji form is obscure or too formal for the writing purpose.[4] Words that do have common kanji renditions may also sometimes be written instead in hiragana, according to an individual author's preference, for example to impart an informal feel. Hiragana is also used to write furigana, a reading aid that shows the pronunciation of kanji characters.

There are two main systems of ordering hiragana: the old-fashioned iroha ordering and the more prevalent gojūon ordering.

Other Languages
Acèh: Hiragana
Afrikaans: Hiragana
العربية: هيراغانا
asturianu: Hiragana
azərbaycanca: Hiraqana
বাংলা: হিরাগানা
Banjar: Hiragana
беларуская: Хірагана
Bikol Central: Hiragana
български: Хирагана
brezhoneg: Hiragana
català: Hiragana
čeština: Hiragana
Cymraeg: Hiragana
dansk: Hiragana
davvisámegiella: Hiragana
Deutsch: Hiragana
eesti: Hiragana
Ελληνικά: Χιραγκάνα
español: Hiragana
Esperanto: Rondaj kanaoj
euskara: Hiragana
فارسی: هیراگانا
français: Hiragana
Gaelg: Hiragana
galego: Hiragana
한국어: 히라가나
հայերեն: Հիրագանա
हिन्दी: हिरागाना
hrvatski: Hiragana
Bahasa Indonesia: Hiragana
íslenska: Hiragana
italiano: Hiragana
עברית: היראגאנה
Jawa: Hiragana
ქართული: ჰირაგანა
latviešu: Hiragana
Lëtzebuergesch: Hiragana
lietuvių: Hiragana
Lingua Franca Nova: Hiragana
magyar: Hiragana
македонски: Хирагана
Malagasy: Hiragana
Bahasa Melayu: Hiragana
монгол: Хирагана
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟိရဂန
Nāhuatl: Hiragana
Nederlands: Hiragana
日本語: 平仮名
norsk: Hiragana
norsk nynorsk: Hiragana
occitan: Hiragana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹੀਰਾਗਾਨਾ
polski: Hiragana
português: Hiragana
română: Hiragana
русский: Хирагана
Scots: Hiragana
Simple English: Hiragana
slovenčina: Hiragana
slovenščina: Hiragana
کوردی: ھیراگانا
српски / srpski: Хирагана
Sunda: Hiragana
suomi: Hiragana
Tagalog: Hiragana
Türkçe: Hiragana
українська: Хіраґана
Tiếng Việt: Hiragana
文言: 平假名
Winaray: Hiragana
吴语: 平假名
粵語: 平假名
中文: 平假名