Hethel

Hethel
Hethel is located in Norfolk
Hethel
Hethel
Hethel shown within Norfolk
Civil parish
  • Bracon Ash and Hethel
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°33′N 1°12′E / 52°33′N 1°12′E / 52.55; 1.2

Hethel is a small village in Norfolk, England, near the historic market town of Wymondham, and approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of the city of Norwich.

According to the 2001 census, the Bracon Ash and Hethel parish [1] covered an area of 9.84 square kilometres and had a population of 446 people within 171 households.

The village gave its name to the former RAF Hethel bomber station, which has been the location of the Head Office and factory of Lotus Cars [2] since the 1960s. The Lotus Cars test track uses sections of the old RAF Hethel runway.

Hethel is noted for containing the oldest known living hawthorn tree [3] in East Anglia and possibly in the United Kingdom (reputed to be more than 700 years old). Planted in the 13th century, " Hethel Old Thorn" (a specimen of Common Hawthorn, [2] is in the village churchyard, which is classified as the smallest reserve under the care of the [3].

The name 'Hethel' is derived from the older name 'Het Hill'.

Hethel Airfield

RAF Hethel in WW2

RAF Hethel was an airfield used by the US during the Second World War, and later by the RAF. Located 7 miles (11 km) south west of Norwich, it was constructed in 1942 for American use and assigned USAAF designation "Station 114". From 14 September 1943 though to 12 June 1945, Hethel served as headquarters for the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing of the 2nd Bomb Division.

After the departure of the Americans, it was assigned to RAF Fighter Command. On 25 June Polish-manned North American Mustang RAF squadrons moved into the base. In mid-1947, Hethel became a Personnel Transit Centre but was transferred to RAF Technical Training Command. With the downsizing of the RAF, the field was closed in 1948. For many years the base was inactive and abandoned until it was finally sold by the Air Ministry in 1964.

For a number of years the old airfield Nissen huts were used to house families awaiting re-housing under the post-war building programme. Forehoe and Henstead RDC also used part of the area as a store depot. With the end of military control, Hethel became the manufacturing and testing site for Lotus Cars. The manufacture of vehicles, originally started in the old hangars and workshops, now takes place in several modern buildings. Lotus uses parts of the airfield perimeter track and lengths of the main runway as a testing track.

Other Languages
Cymraeg: Hethel
Deutsch: Hethel
polski: Hethel
українська: Хетел