Henri-Edmond Cross

Henri-Edmond Cross
Self-Portrait with Cigarette, 1880
Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix

(1856-05-20)20 May 1856
Douai, Nord, France
Died16 May 1910(1910-05-16) (aged 53)
Saint-Clair, Var, France
Known forPainting
MovementNeo-Impressionism, Pointillism, Divisionism

Henri-Edmond Cross, born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix, (20 May 1856 – 16 May 1910) was a French painter and printmaker. He is most acclaimed as a master of Neo-Impressionism and he played an important role in shaping the second phase of that movement. He was a significant influence on Henri Matisse and many other artists. His work was instrumental in the development of Fauvism.

Background and education

Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix was born in Douai,[1] a commune in the Nord départment in northern France, on 20 May 1856. He had no surviving siblings. His parents, with a family history of ironmongery,[2] were Alcide Delacroix, a French adventurer, and British Fanny Woollett.[3]

In 1865 the family moved to a location near Lille, a northern French city close to the Belgian border. Alcide's cousin, Dr. Auguste Soins, recognized Henri's artistic talent and was very supportive of his artistic inclinations, even financing the boy's first drawing instructions under painter Carolus-Duran the following year.[4] Henri was Duran's protégé for a year.[2] His studies continued for a short time in Paris in 1875 with François Bonvin[4] before returning to Lille. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, and in 1878 he enrolled at the Écoles Académiques de Dessin et d'Architecture, studying for three years in the studio of Alphonse Colas.[3][5] His art education continued, under fellow Douai artist Émile Dupont-Zipcy,[3] after moving to Paris in 1881.[6]