Help:IPA/Ukrainian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Ukrainian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-uk}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Ukrainian contrasts palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ⟨j⟩, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like in the [j] sound in yes.

See Ukrainian phonology for more details on the sounds of Ukrainian.

Consonants
IPAExamplesEnglish approximations
bбог[bɔɦ]boot
dдим[dɪm]do
дім, мідь[dʲim], [midʲ]dew
dzдзе́ркало[1][ˈdzɛrkɑlɔ]pads
dzʲґедзь, дзьоб[ɡɛdzʲ], [dzʲɔb]
джміль[dʒmilʲ]jump; ridge
fфа́рба[ˈfɑrbɑ]fool
ɡґа́нок[ˈɡɑnɔk]goo
ɦгазе́та[ɦɑˈzɛtɑ]behind
jйо́га, йти, гай[ˈjɔɦɑ], [jtɪ], [ɦɑj]yes
kключ[klʲutʃ]scar
lлось[lɔsʲ]leg
лід, сіль[lʲid], [sʲilʲ]least
mмир[mɪr]moot
nне́бо[ˈnɛbɔ]noon
ні́жний, день[ˈnʲiʒnɪj], [dɛnʲ]new
pпил[pɪl]spare
rлі́кар[ˈlʲikɑr]trilled r, like in Spanish
рі́чка[ˈrʲitʃkɑ]
sсуп[sup]soup
сі́но, вісь[ˈsʲinɔ], [wisʲ]suit
ʃшпари́на, вище[ʃpɑˈrɪnɑ], [wɪʃtʃɛ]shop
tтин[tɪn]star
тінь, мить[tʲinʲ], [mɪtʲ]stew
tsцибу́ля[tsɪˈbulʲɑ]cats
tsʲціна́, віне́ць[tsʲiˈnɑ], [wiˈnɛtsʲ]
очерет, вище[ɔtʃɛrɛt], [wɪʃtʃɛ]choose
wвіл[wil]wine
до вчи́теля, став[dʊ u̯ˈtʃɪtɛlʲɑ], [stɑu̯]tow
xховра́х[xɔu̯ˈrɑx]Bach; loch
zзуб[zub]zoo
зіллю, рі́зьблення[zʲilʲːu], [ˈrʲizʲblɛnʲːɑ]presume
ʒжи́то[ˈʒɪtɔ]measure; garage
Vowels
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
Stressed
ɑгай[ɦɑj]father
ɛдень[dɛnʲ]met
ɪми́ша[ˈmɪʃɑ]kit
iкіт, і́кла[kit], [ˈiklɑ]meet
ɔпо́ле, льон[ˈpɔlɛ], [lʲɔn]off
uдух, лють[dux], [lʲutʲ]boot
Unstressed
ɐгарма́та[ɦɐrˈmɑtɑ]trap (Scottish English)
ɪете́р[ɪˈtɛr]bit
ʊтуди́, ору́дний[tʊˈdɪ], [ʊˈrudnɪj]put
Other symbols
IPAExplanation
ˈ◌Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ːGemination[2] (doubles the consonant)

Notes

  1. ^ [dz, ɣ, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000:16)).
  2. ^ In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: багаття [bɑˈɦɑtʲːɑ] bonfire, подружжя [pɔˈdruʒːɑ] married couple, обличчя face. Geminates also occur at the beginning of a few words: лляний [ˈlʲːɑnɪj] flaxen, forms of the verb лити to pour (ллю [lʲːu], ллєш [lʲːɛʃ] etc.), ссати [ˈsːɑtɪ] to suck and derivatives.[citation needed]