Help:IPA/Ukrainian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Ukrainian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Ukrainian contrasts palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ⟨j[ ʲ ], are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like in the [j] sound in yes. The "hard" vs. "soft" distinction is phonemic for only nine pairs and may otherwise be ignored.

See Ukrainian phonology for more details on Ukrainian sounds.

Consonants
IPAExamplesEnglish approximations
bбог[bɔɦ]boot
dдим[dɪm]do
дім, мідь[dʲim], [midʲ]dew
dzдзе́ркало[1][ˈdzɛrkɑlɔ]pads
dzʲґедзь, дзьоб[ɡɛdzʲ], [dzʲɔb]
джміль[dʒmilʲ]jump; ridge
fфа́рба[ˈfɑrbɑ]fool
ɡґа́нок[ˈɡɑnɔk]goo
ɦгазе́та[ɦɑˈzɛtɑ]behind
jйо́га, йти, гай[ˈjɔɦɑ], [jtɪ], [ɦɑj]yes
kключ[klʲutʃ]scar
lлось[lɔsʲ]leg
лід, сіль[lʲid], [sʲilʲ]least
mмир[mɪr]moot
nне́бо[ˈnɛbɔ]noon
ні́жний, день[ˈnʲiʒnɪj], [dɛnʲ]new
pпил[pɪl]spare
rлі́кар[ˈlʲikɑr]trilled r, like in Spanish
рі́чка[ˈrʲitʃkɑ]
sсуп[sup]soup
сі́но, вісь[ˈsʲinɔ], [wisʲ]suit
ʃшпари́на, вище[ʃpɑˈrɪnɑ], [wɪʃtʃɛ]shop
tтин[tɪn]star
тінь, мить[tʲinʲ], [mɪtʲ]stew
tsцибу́ля[tsɪˈbulʲɑ]cats
tsʲціна́, віне́ць[tsʲiˈnɑ], [wiˈnɛtsʲ]
очерет, вище[ɔtʃɛrɛt], [wɪʃtʃɛ]choose
wвіл[wil]wine
до вчи́теля, став[dʊ u̯ˈtʃɪtɛlʲɑ], [stɑu̯]tow
xховра́х[xɔu̯ˈrɑx]Bach; loch
zзуб[zub]zoo
зіллю, рі́зьблення[zʲilʲːu], [ˈrʲizʲblɛnʲːɑ]presume
ʒжи́то[ˈʒɪtɔ]measure; garage
Vowels
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
Stressed
ɑгай[ɦɑj]father
ɛдень[dɛnʲ]met
ɪми́ша[ˈmɪʃɑ]kit
iкіт, і́кла[kit], [ˈiklɑ]meet
ɔпо́ле, льон[ˈpɔlɛ], [lʲɔn]off
uдух, лють[dux], [lʲutʲ]boot
Unstressed
ɐгарма́та[ɦɐrˈmɑtɑ]trap (Scottish English)
ɪете́р[ɪˈtɛr]bit
ʊтуди́, ору́дний[tʊˈdɪ], [ʊˈrudnɪj]put
Other symbols
IPAExplanation
ˈ◌Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ːGemination[2] (doubles the consonant)

Notes

  1. ^ [dz, ɣ, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000:16)).
  2. ^ In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: багаття [bɑˈɦɑtʲːɑ] bonfire, подружжя [pɔˈdruʒːɑ] married couple, обличчя face. Geminates also occur at the beginning of a few words: лляний [ˈlʲːɑnɪj] flaxen, forms of the verb лити to pour (ллю [lʲːu], ллєш [lʲːɛʃ] etc.), ссати [ˈsːɑtɪ] to suck and derivatives.[citation needed]