Help:IPA/Korean

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. It is based on the standard dialect of South Korea.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
b[a]bball
d[a]ddoll
dz[b]jbeds
[a]jroughly like gee
ɡ[a]ggall
hhhall
ɦ[a]hahead
j[ㅛ, ㅠ,ㅑ,ㅕ,
ㅖ, ㅒ][c]
yyou
kㄱ [ㅋ][d]g, klock
kkskin
ㅋ [ㅎㄱ]kcup
lㄹ [ㄴ][e]lalike
mㅁ [ㅂ][f]mmall
n
[ㄹ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ][g]
nnot
ŋㅇ [ㄱ][h]ngking
p [ㅍ][i]b, pclip
ppspit
[ㅎㅂ]ppaint
ɾrScottish great or American ladder
sslike see, but aspirated (with more breath)
sssee
ɕ[j]sroughly like she
ɕ͈[j]sssee
t
[ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ][k]
d, tlet
ttstall
[ㅎㄷ]ttall
ts[b]jcats
ts͈[b]jj
tsʰ[b]ㅊ [ㅎㅈ]chlet's have
jroughly like cheek
tɕ͈jjroughly like pitcher
tɕʰㅊ [ㅎㅈ]chroughly like cheek
w[ㅜ, ㅗ][l]wwall
z[a]slike zee, but murmured (with more breath)
ʑ[m]sroughly like illusion
Korean vowels and diphthongs[n]
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
aaAmerican bot
spa
eesate
say
ɛaebet
ɛːbed, RP bare
iimeat
mean
ooAmerican boat
RP broad
ø[l]oeweld
øːwave
uubull
rule
ʌeomud
əːRP pearl
ɯeusomewhat like book
ɯːsomewhat like rude
ɰiuisomewhat like we
y[l]wisomewhat like sweet
somewhat like swede
Korean suprasegmentals
IPAHangulRRExplanation
ː[o]geminated consonant

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f The plain stops and affricate /p t tɕ k/ and the fricatives /h s/ are voiced to [b d dʑ ɡ ɦ z] respectively between voiced sounds.
  2. ^ a b c d [ts ts͈ tsʰ dz] occur before back vowels.
  3. ^ /j/ cannot be spelled by itself, but by doubling the short line on the vowel which it phonetically precedes.
  4. ^ ㅋ is [k] and RR k at the end of a syllable.
  5. ^ ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [].
  6. ^ ㅂ is [m] before /n/ or /m/.
  7. ^ ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before /n/ or /m/.
  8. ^ ㅇ is [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before /n/, /m/, or /ɾ/.
  9. ^ ㅍ is [p] and RR p at the end of a syllable.
  10. ^ a b [ɕ ɕ͈] are the allophones of /s s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  11. ^ ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  12. ^ a b c /w/ is spelled ㅜ before /ʌ/, /e/, /i/ (the latter combination producing /y/~[ɥi]), ㅗ before /ɛ/, /a/; ㅚ /ø/ can also be pronounced [we].
  13. ^ [ʑ] is the allophone of /z/ before /i/ and /j/.
  14. ^ In Standard Korean vowel length is contrastive, but this has mostly been lost in the spoken language.
  15. ^ Resulting from various sequences of consonants (and their relative transcriptions) in regressive assimilation.