Havana

Havana
Capital of Cuba
La Habana
Clockwise from top left: El Capitolio, Museum of the Revolution, view of Malecón, lighthouse at El Morro, Havana Cathedral, Plaza Vieja and the Great Theatre of Havana
Flag of Havana
Flag
Coat of arms of Havana
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): City of Columns, Rome of the Caribbean [1]
Havana is located in Cuba
Havana
Havana
Location in Cuba
Coordinates: 23°08′N 82°23′W / 23°08′N 82°23′W / 23.133; -82.383
Country   Cuba
Province La Habana
Settled by Europeans 1515a
City status 1592
Municipalities 15
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 •  Mayor Marta Hernández ( PCC)
Area
 •  Capital of Cuba 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)
 • Land 2,555.055 km2 (986.512 sq mi)
 • Water 9,830.521 km2 (3,795.585 sq mi)  19.23%
 • Urban 987.2546 km2 (381.1811 sq mi)
 • Metro 852.12 km2 (329.01 sq mi)
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (2012) Official Census [2]
 •  Capital of Cuba Decrease 2,106,146
 • Density 2,892.0/km2 (7,490/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Habanero/a
Time zone UTC−05:00 ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−04:00 ( UTC-4)
Postal code 10xxx–19xxx
Area code(s) (+53) 07
Patron Saints Saint Christopher
a Founded on the present site in 1519.

Havana ( ə/; Spanish: La Habana, [la aˈβana]) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. [3] The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, [2] [3] and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region. [2] [4] The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbors: Marimelena, Guanabacoa and Atarés. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay. [5]

The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century and due to its strategic location it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the continent, becoming a stopping point for treasure-laden Spanish galleons returning to Spain. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592. [6] Walls as well as forts were built to protect the old city. [7] The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish–American War. [8]

Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado and the newer suburban districts. The city is the center of the Cuban government, and home to various ministries, headquarters of businesses and over 90 diplomatic offices. [9] The current mayor is Marta Hernández of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC). [10] In 2009, the city/province had the third highest income in the country. [11]

The city attracts over a million tourists annually; [12] the Official Census for Havana reports that in 2010 the city was visited by 1,176,627 international tourists, [12] a 20% increase from 2005. Old Havana was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. [13] The city is also noted for its history, culture, architecture and monuments. [14] As typical of Cuba, Havana experiences a tropical climate. [15]

In May 2015, Havana was selected as one of the so-called New7Wonders Cities together with Beirut, Doha, Durban, Kuala Lumpur, La Paz, and Vigan. [16]

Etymology

Most native settlements became the site of Spanish colonial cities retaining their original Taíno names; the name Habana could be based on the name of a local Taíno chief Habaguanex.[ citation needed]


A panoramic view of Havana, Cuba from atop the Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña.
Other Languages
Acèh: Havana
Afrikaans: Havana
አማርኛ: ሀቫና
Ænglisc: Hafana
العربية: هافانا
aragonés: L'Habana
asturianu: L'Habana
Aymar aru: La Habana
azərbaycanca: Havana
تۆرکجه: هاوانا
বাংলা: হাভানা
Bân-lâm-gú: La Habana
беларуская: Гавана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гавана
Bikol Central: Habana
български: Хавана
བོད་ཡིག: ཧ་ཝན
bosanski: Havana
brezhoneg: La Habana
català: L'Havana
Чӑвашла: Гавана
Cebuano: La Habana
čeština: Havana
chiShona: Havana
Cymraeg: La Habana
dansk: Havana
Deutsch: Havanna
eesti: Havanna
Ελληνικά: Αβάνα
español: La Habana
Esperanto: Havano
estremeñu: L'Avana
euskara: Habana
فارسی: هاوانا
Fiji Hindi: Havana
føroyskt: Havanna
français: La Havane
Frysk: Havana
Gaeilge: La Habana
Gàidhlig: La Habana
galego: A Habana
Gĩkũyũ: Havana
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: La Habana
한국어: 아바나
Հայերեն: Հավանա
हिन्दी: हवाना
hrvatski: Havana
Ido: Havana
Bahasa Indonesia: Havana
Interlingue: Havana
Ирон: Гаванæ
íslenska: Havana
italiano: L'Avana
עברית: הוואנה
ქართული: ჰავანა
қазақша: Гавана
kernowek: La Habana
Kinyarwanda: Havana
Kiswahili: Havana
Kreyòl ayisyen: La Avàn
Кыргызча: Гaванa
Ladino: La Habana
لۊری شومالی: هاوانا
Latina: Havana
latviešu: Havana
Lëtzebuergesch: Havanna
lietuvių: Havana
Ligure: L'Avann-a
lumbaart: L'Avana
magyar: Havanna
македонски: Хавана
Malagasy: Havana
മലയാളം: ഹവാന
Malti: Ħavana
मराठी: हवाना
მარგალური: ჰავანა
Bahasa Melayu: Havana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: La Habana
монгол: Хавана
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟာဗားနားမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Havana
Nederlands: Havana
日本語: ハバナ
нохчийн: Гавана
norsk: Havanna
norsk nynorsk: Havanna
occitan: L'Avana
олык марий: Гавана
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ହାଭାନା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gavana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਵਾਨਾ
پنجابی: ہوانا
Papiamentu: Havana
Piemontèis: L'Avan-a
polski: Hawana
português: Havana
română: Havana
Romani: La Habana
Runa Simi: La Habana
русский: Гавана
саха тыла: Хавана
sardu: La Havana
Scots: Havana
Seeltersk: Havanna
shqip: Havana
sicilianu: L'Avana
Simple English: Havana
slovenčina: Havana
slovenščina: Havana
ślůnski: Hawana
کوردی: ھاڤانا
Sranantongo: Havana
српски / srpski: Хавана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Havana
suomi: Havanna
svenska: Havanna
Tagalog: Havana
தமிழ்: அவானா
тоҷикӣ: Ҳавана
Türkçe: Havana
українська: Гавана
اردو: ہوانا
Vahcuengh: Hahvaxnaz
vèneto: Ł'Avana
vepsän kel’: Havan
Tiếng Việt: La Habana
Volapük: La Habana
Winaray: La Habana
吴语: 阿巴那
ייִדיש: האוואנע
Yorùbá: Havana
粵語: 夏灣拿
Zazaki: Havana
中文: 哈瓦那