Hassan Rouhani

Hassan Rouhani
حسن روحانی
Hassan Rouhani (2017-11-22) 03 (cropped).jpg
7th President of Iran
Assumed office
3 August 2013
Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
First Vice PresidentEshaq Jahangiri
Preceded byMahmoud Ahmadinejad
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
3 August 2013 – 17 September 2016
Preceded byMahmoud Ahmadinejad
Succeeded byNicolás Maduro
Chief Negotiator of Iran for Nuclear Issue
In office
6 October 2003 – 15 August 2005
PresidentMohammad Khatami
DeputyHossein Mousavian
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byAli Larijani
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
In office
14 October 1989 – 15 August 2005
PresidentAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Khatami
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byAli Larijani
Member of the Assembly of Experts
Assumed office
19 February 2007
ConstituencyTehran Province
Majority2,238,166 (53.56%)
In office
18 February 2000 – 18 February 2007
ConstituencySemnan Province
First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
In office
2 June 1992 – 26 May 2000
Preceded byHossein Hashemian
Succeeded byBehzad Nabavi
Member of the Parliament
In office
28 May 1984 – 27 May 2000
ConstituencyTehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority729,965 (58.3%; 2nd term)
In office
28 May 1980 – 27 May 1984
ConstituencySemnan
Majority19,017 (62.1%)
Personal details
BornHassan Fereydoun
(1948-11-12) November 12, 1948 (age 69)
Sorkheh, Semnan Province, Iran
Political partyModeration and Development Party (1999–present)
Other political
affiliations
Combatant Clergy Association (1988–present; inactive since 2009)[1]
Islamic Republican Party (1979–87)
Spouse(s)Sahebeh Arabi (1968–present)
Children5
Alma materQom Seminary
University of Tehran
Glasgow Caledonian University
Signature
WebsiteGovernment website
Personal website (Persian)
Military service
Allegiance Iran
Years of service1971–72 (conscription)[2]
1985–91[3]
UnitSepah Danesh of Nishapur (1971–72)[2]
CommandsCommander-in-Chief of Air Defense (1985–91)[3]
Deputy to Second-in-Command of Iran's Joint Chiefs of Staff (1988–89)[3]
Battles/warsIran–Iraq War
AwardsOrder of Nasr.png Order of Nasr (1st Class)[4]
Fath Medal.jpg Order of Fath (2nd Class)[5][6]

Hassan Rouhani (Persian: حسن روحانی‎, About this sound pronunciation , Standard Persian: pronounced [hæˈsæne rowhɒːˈniː]; born Hassan Fereydoun (Persian: حسن فریدون‎) on 12 November 1948)[7][8] is an Iranian politician serving as the current and seventh President of Iran since 3 August 2013. He was also a lawyer,[9] academic, former diplomat and Islamic cleric. He has been a member of Iran's Assembly of Experts since 1999,[10] member of the Expediency Council since 1991,[11] and a member of the Supreme National Security Council since 1989.[3][12] Rouhani was deputy speaker of the fourth and fifth terms of the Parliament of Iran (Majlis) and Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 1989 to 2005.[3] In the latter capacity, he was the country's top negotiator with the EU three, UK, France, and Germany, on nuclear technology in Iran, and has also served as a Shi'ite[13] ijtihadi cleric,[14] and economic trade negotiator.[15][16]:138 He has expressed official support for upholding the rights of ethnic and religious minorities.[17] In 2013, he appointed former industries minister Eshaq Jahangiri as his first vice-president.[18]

On 7 May 2013, Rouhani registered for the presidential election that was held on 14 June 2013.[19] He said that, if elected, he would prepare a "civil rights charter", restore the economy and improve rocky relations with Western nations.[20][21] Rouhani is frequently described as a moderate. He was elected as President of Iran on 15 June, defeating Tehran mayor Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and four other candidates.[22][23][24] He took office on 3 August 2013.[25] In 2013, Time magazine named him in its list of the 100 Most Influential People in the World. In domestic policy, he encourages personal freedom and free access to information, has improved women's rights by appointing female foreign ministry spokespeople, and has been described as a centrist and reformist who has improved Iran's diplomatic relations with other countries through exchanging conciliatory letters.[26][27][28] Rouhani won re-election in the 2017 election with 23,636,652 votes (57.1%).[29] He became the third Iranian President, after Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, to win a presidential victory as an incumbent with an increased electoral mandate.

Name

His name is also spelled as Hasan Rouhani, Hassan Rohani, Hasan Rohani, Hassan Rowhani or Hasan Rowhani.

He was born Hassan Fereydoun (or Fereydun, in reference to a just king in Persian mythology, Persian: ‌حسن فریدون‎, Persian pronunciation: [hæˌsæn-e feɾejˈdun]) and later changed his last name to Rouhani, which means 'spiritual' or 'cleric';[30] also transliterated as Rowhani, Ruhani, or Rohani). It is not clear when he officially changed his last name. He was named as "Hassan Fereydoun Rouhani" (Persian: حسن فریدون روحانی‎) in a list of Majlis representatives on 5 July 1981,[31] while photos of his identification card (in Persian transliteration: shenasnameh) taken around his presidential campaign in 2013 only mention "Rouhani" as his last name.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hassan Rohani
Alemannisch: Hassan Rohani
العربية: حسن روحاني
azərbaycanca: Həsən Ruhani
تۆرکجه: حسن روحانی
беларуская: Хасан Рухані
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хасан Рухані
Bikol Central: Hassan Rouhani'
български: Хасан Рухани
bosanski: Hasan Ruhani
brezhoneg: Hasan Rohani
Чӑвашла: Хасан Рухани
čeština: Hasan Rúhání
Deutsch: Hassan Rohani
Ελληνικά: Χασάν Ρουχανί
español: Hasán Rouhaní
Esperanto: Hasan Ruhani
français: Hassan Rohani
한국어: 하산 로하니
Հայերեն: Հասան Ռոհանի
हिन्दी: हसन रूहानी
hrvatski: Hasan Rohani
Bahasa Indonesia: Hassan Rouhani
italiano: Hassan Rouhani
Kapampangan: Hassan Rouhani
ქართული: ჰასან რუჰანი
қазақша: Хасан Рухани
latviešu: Hasans Rūhānī
Lëtzebuergesch: Hassan Rohani
मैथिली: हसन रुहानी
مازِرونی: حسن روحانی
Bahasa Melayu: Hassan Rouhani
Nederlands: Hassan Rohani
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hasan Ruhoniy
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਸਨ ਰੂਹਾਨੀ
português: Hassan Rohani
română: Hassan Rohani
русский: Рухани, Хасан
sicilianu: Hassan Rohani
Simple English: Hassan Rouhani
српски / srpski: Хасан Рохани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hasan Ruhani
татарча/tatarça: Xäsän Ruxani
Türkçe: Hasan Ruhani
українська: Хассан Рухані
Tiếng Việt: Hassan Rouhani
Yorùbá: Hassan Rouhani