Hassan Rouhani

"Rouhani" redirects here. For other persons with this surname, see Rouhani (surname).
"Rohani" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Rohani, Iran.
Hassan Rouhani
Hassan Rouhani.jpg
7th President of Iran
Assumed office
3 August 2013
Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri
Preceded by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
3 August 2013 – 17 September 2016
Preceded by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Succeeded by Nicolás Maduro
Chief Negotiator of Iran for Nuclear Issue
In office
6 October 2003 – 15 August 2005
President Mohammad Khatami
Deputy Hossein Mousavian
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Ali Larijani
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
In office
14 October 1989 – 15 August 2005
President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Khatami
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Ali Larijani
Member of the Assembly of Experts
Assumed office
19 February 2007
Constituency Tehran Province
Majority 2,238,166 (53.56%)
In office
18 February 2000 – 18 February 2007
Constituency Semnan Province
First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
In office
2 June 1992 – 26 May 2000
Preceded by Hossein Hashemian
Succeeded by Behzad Nabavi
Member of the Parliament
In office
28 May 1984 – 27 May 2000
Constituency Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority 729,965 (58.3%; 2nd term)
In office
28 May 1980 – 27 May 1984
Constituency Semnan
Majority 19,017 (62.1%)
Personal details
Born Hassan Fereydoun
(1948-11-12) 12 November 1948 (age 68)
Sorkheh, Semnan Province, Iran
Political party Moderation and Development Party (1999–present)
Other political
affiliations
Combatant Clergy Association (1988–present; inactive since 2009) [1]
Islamic Republican Party (1979–87)
Spouse(s) Sahebeh Arabi (1968–present)
Children 5
Alma mater Qom Seminary
University of Tehran
Glasgow Caledonian University
Religion Islam
Signature
Website Government website
Personal website (Persian)
Military service
Allegiance   Iran
Years of service 1971–72 (conscription) [2]
1985–91 [3]
Unit Sepah Danesh of Nishapur (1971–72) [2]
Commands Commander-in-Chief of Air Defense (1985–91) [3]
Deputy to Second-in-Command of Iran's Joint Chiefs of Staff (1988–89) [3]
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War
Awards Order of Nasr.png Order of Nasr (1st Class) [4]
Fath Medal.jpg Order of Fath (2nd Class) [5] [6]

Hassan Rouhani ( Persian: حسن روحانی‎‎, About this sound  pronunciation ; born Hassan Fereydoun ( Persian: حسن فریدون‎‎) on 12 November 1948) [7] is the seventh and current President of Iran since 2013. He is also a lawyer, [8] academic and former diplomat. He has been a member of Iran's Assembly of Experts since 1999, [9] member of the Expediency Council since 1991, [10] member of the Supreme National Security Council since 1989. [3] [11]

Rouhani was deputy speaker of the fourth and fifth terms of the Parliament of Iran ( Majlis) and Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from 1989 to 2005. [3] In the latter capacity, he was the country's top negotiator with the EU three, UK, France, and Germany, on nuclear technology in Iran, and has also served as a Shi'ite [12] ijtihadi cleric, [13] and economic trade negotiator. [14] [15]:138 He has expressed official support for upholding the rights of ethnic and religious minorities. [16] In 2013, he appointed former industries minister Eshaq Jahangiri as his first vice-president. [17]

On 7 May 2013, Rouhani registered for the presidential election that was held on 14 June 2013. [18] He said that, if elected, he would prepare a "civil rights charter", restore the economy and improve rocky relations with Western nations. [19] [20] Rouhani is frequently described as a moderate. He was elected as President of Iran on 15 June, defeating Tehran mayor Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and four other candidates. [21] [22] [23] He took office on 3 August 2013. [24] In 2013, TIME magazine named him in its list of the 100 Most Influential People in the World. In domestic policy, he encourages personal freedom and free access to information, has improved women's rights by appointing female foreign ministry spokespeople, and has been described as a centrist and reformist who has improved Iran's diplomatic relations with other countries through exchanging conciliatory letters. [25] [26] [27]

Name

His name is also spelled as Hasan Rouhani, Hassan Rohani, Hasan Rohani, Hassan Rowhani or Hasan Rowhani.

He was born Hassan Fereydoun (or Fereydun, in reference to a just king in Persian mythology, Persian: ‌حسن فریدون‎‎, Persian pronunciation:  [hæˌsæn-e feɾejˈdun]) and later changed his last name to Rouhani, which means “spiritual” or “cleric” ( Persian: روحانی‎‎, Standard Persian: About this sound  [roʊhɒːˈniː] , or [ruːhɒːˈniː], [28] Tehrani accent: [roːhɒːˈni]; also transliterated as Ruhani, Rowhani, and Rohani). It is not clear when he officially changed his last name. He was named as “Hassan Fereydoun Rouhani” ( Persian: حسن فریدون روحانی‎‎) in a list of Majlis representatives on 5 July 1981, [29] while photos of his identification card (in Persian transliteration: shenasnameh) taken around his presidential campaign in 2013 only mention "Rouhani" as his last name. [7]