Harrow School

Harrow School
Harrow Crest.svg
MottoesLatin: Stet Fortuna Domus
("Let the Fortune of the House Stand")
Latin: Donorum Dei Dispensatio Fidelis
("The Faithful Dispensation of the Gifts of God")
Established1572 (Royal Charter)
TypePublic school
Independent
boarding school
ReligionAnglicanism
Chairman of the GovernorsJ P Batting
FounderJohn Lyon of Preston
LocationHarrow on the Hill
London Borough of Harrow
London
HA1 3HP
England
51°34′22.0″N 0°20′4.7″W / 51°34′22.0″N 0°20′4.7″W / 51.572778; -0.334639
DfE URN102245 Tables
Staff~200 (full-time)
Students~800 pupils
GenderMale
Ages13–18
Houses12
ColoursBlue & white         
PublicationThe Harrovian
Former pupilsOld Harrovians
Badgesthe Harrow Lion
the Silver Arrow
Websitewww.harrowschool.org.uk

Harrow School /[1] is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England.[2] The School was founded in 1572 by John Lyon under a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I, and is one of the original seven public schools that were regulated by the Public Schools Act 1868. Harrow charges up to £12,850 per term, with three terms per academic year (2017/18).[3] Harrow is the fourth most expensive boarding school in the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.[4]

The school has an enrolment of 829 boys all of whom board full-time, in twelve boarding houses.[5] It remains one of four all-boys, full-boarding schools in Britain, the others being Eton College, Radley College and Winchester College.[6] Shrewsbury, Charterhouse, Rugby and Westminster have since become co-educational. Harrow's uniform includes straw hats, morning suits, top hats and canes. Its alumni include eight former British or Indian Prime Ministers (including Peel, Palmerston, Baldwin, Churchill and Nehru), foreign politicians, former and current members of both houses of the U.K. Parliament, five kings and several other members of various royal families, three Nobel Prize winners, twenty Victoria Cross and one George Cross holders, and many figures in the arts and sciences.

History

Old Schools

The school was founded in February 1572 under a Royal Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth I to John Lyon, a wealthy local farmer.[7] The Charter described this as a re-endowment, and there is some evidence of a grammar school at Harrow in the mid-16th century, but its location and connection with Lyon's foundation are unclear.[8] Evidence for earlier schools, possibly connected with the chantry of St Mary (established in 1324), is weak.[9] In the original charter, six governors were named, including two members of the Gerard family of Flambards, and two members of the Page family of Wembley and Sudbury Court.[10]

Lyon died in 1592, leaving his assets to two causes: the lesser was the School, and by far the greater beneficiary was the maintenance of a road to London, 10 miles (16 km) away. The school owned and maintained this road for many years following Lyon's death, and the whole school still runs along this 10-mile road in an event called "Long Ducker" every November, whilst some 6th formers opt to do 20 miles – to and from the Albert Memorial in London.

It was only after the death of Lyon's wife in 1608 that the construction of the first school building began. It was completed in 1615 and remains to this day, however it is now much larger. At first the primary subject taught was Latin, and the only sport was archery. Both subjects were compulsory; archery was dropped in 1771.[11]

Although most boys were taught for free, their tuition paid for by Lyon's endowment, there were a number of fee-paying "foreigners" (boys from outside the parish). It was their presence that amplified the need for boarding facilities. By 1701 for every local there were two "foreign" pupils; these generated funds for the School as fees increased. By 1876 the ratio was so high that John Lyon Lower School was brought under the authority of the governors of the Upper School so that the School complied with its object of providing education for the boys of the parish. It is now known as The John Lyon School and is a prominent independent school. It maintains close links with Harrow.[7] The majority of the school's boarding houses were constructed in Victorian times, when the number of boys increased dramatically.[12] Between 1872 and 1877, a Speech Room was constructed to the designs of William Burges. The structure is a Grade II* listed building.[13]

The school war memorial, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer, was erected in 1917, marking the already substantial loss of former pupils by that stage of the First World War.[14]

The 20th century saw the innovation of a central dining hall, the demolition of small houses and further modernisation of the curriculum. Currently there are about 850 boys boarding at Harrow.[15]

Cartel

In 2005, the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times, which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents, although the schools said that they had not realised that the change to the law (which had happened only a few months earlier) about the sharing of information had subsequently made it an offence.[16] Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling £3,000,000 into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared.[17] Jean Scott, the head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, and that they were unaware of the change to the law (on which they had not been consulted).[18]

Overseas

Harrow has expanded overseas, opening additional schools in Beijing, China (Harrow International School Beijing); Shanghai, China (Harrow International School Shanghai), Bangkok, Thailand (Harrow International School, Bangkok); and New Territories, Hong Kong (Harrow International School Hong Kong).[19]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Harrow School
català: Harrow School
čeština: Harrow School
Cymraeg: Ysgol Harrow
Deutsch: Harrow School
español: Harrow School
Esperanto: Lernejo Harrow
français: Harrow School
italiano: Harrow School
日本語: ハーロー校
português: Harrow School
Simple English: Harrow School
svenska: Harrow School
Türkçe: Harrow School
українська: Герроу (школа)
吴语: 哈罗公学
粵語: 哈羅公學
中文: 哈罗公学