Hammer throw

Athletics
Hammer throw
John Flanagan.jpg
Irish-born American John Flanagan in the hammer throw competition at the Summer Olympics 1908 in London
Men's records
WorldSoviet Union Yuriy Sedykh 86.74 m (1986)
OlympicSoviet Union Sergey Litvinov 84.80 m (1988)
Women's records
WorldPoland Anita Włodarczyk 82.98 m (2016)
OlympicPoland Anita Włodarczyk 82.29 m (2016)
Scottish hammer throw illustration from Frank R.Stockton's book "Round-about Rambles in Lands of Fact and Fancy"
The traditional Highland games version of event
The contemporary version of the hammer throw
World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka - Victory Ceremony for Hammer Throw with winner Ivan Tsikhan (middle)

The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions (see Competition section below for details).

Men's Hammer Throw Final - 28th Summer Universiade 2015
Safety net for hammer throw

History

With roots dating back to the 15th century, the contemporary version of the hammer throw is one of the oldest of Olympic Games competitions, first included at the 1900 games in Paris, France (the second Olympiad of the modern era). Its history since the late 1960s and legacy prior to inclusion in the Olympics have been dominated by European and Eastern European influence, which has affected interest in the event in other parts of the world.

The hammer evolved from its early informal origins to become part of the Scottish Highland games in the late 18th century, where the original version of the event is still contested today.

While the men's hammer throw has been part of the Olympics since 1900, the International Association of Athletics Federations did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 summer games in Sydney, Australia, after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.

Other Languages
العربية: رمي المطرقة
čeština: Hod kladivem
Deutsch: Hammerwurf
Ελληνικά: Σφυροβολία
Esperanto: Martelĵeto
فارسی: پرتاب چکش
한국어: 해머던지기
hrvatski: Bacanje kladiva
Bahasa Indonesia: Lontar martil
latviešu: Vesera mešana
lietuvių: Kūjo metimas
Bahasa Melayu: Lontar tukul besi
Nederlands: Kogelslingeren
日本語: ハンマー投
norsk: Sleggekast
norsk nynorsk: Sleggjekast
polski: Rzut młotem
Simple English: Hammer throw
slovenčina: Hod kladivom
slovenščina: Met kladiva
српски / srpski: Бацање кладива
тоҷикӣ: Гурзпартоӣ
Türkçe: Çekiç atma
українська: Метання молота
Tiếng Việt: Ném búa
中文: 鏈球