Hadith

Ḥadīth (θ/[1] or θ/;[2] Arabic: حديثḥadīth Arabic pronunciation: [ħadiːθ], pl. Aḥādīth, أحاديث, ʼaḥādīth[3] Arabic pronunciation: [ʔaħadiːθ], also "Traditions") in Islam refers to the record of the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Within Islam the authority of Ḥadīth as a source for religious law and moral guidance ranks second only to that of the Qur'an (which Muslims hold to be the word of Allah revealed to his messenger Muhammad). Quranic verses (such as 24:54, 33:21) enjoin Muslims to emulate Muhammad and obey his judgements, providing scriptural authority for ahadith. While the number of verses pertaining to law in the Quran is relatively few, ahadith give direction on everything from details of religious obligations (such as Ghusl or Wudu, ablutions[4] for salat prayer), to the correct forms of salutations[5] and the importance of benevolence to slaves.[6] Thus the "great bulk" of the rules of Sharia (Islamic law) are derived from ahadith, rather than the Qur'an.[7]

Ḥadīth is the Arabic word for speech, report, account, narrative.[3][8][9]:471 Unlike the Qur'an, not all Muslim believe Ahadith accounts (or at least not all ahadith accounts) are divine revelation. Ahadith were not written down by Muhammad's followers immediately after his death but several generations later when they were collected, collated and compiled into a great corpus of Islamic literature. Different collections of Aḥādīth would come to differentiate the different branches of the Islamic faith. A small minority of Muslims called Quranists reject all Ḥadīth.[10][11]

Because some ahadith include questionable and even contradictory statements, the authentication of ahadith became a major field of study in Islam.[12] In its classic form a hadith has two parts — the chain of narrators who have transmitted the report (the isnad), and the main text of the report (the matn).[13][14][15][16] Individual hadith are classified by Muslim clerics and jurists into categories such as sahih ("authentic"), hasan ("good") or da'if ("weak").[17] However, different groups and different scholars may classify a hadith differently.

A manuscript copy of al-Bukhari, Mamluk era, 13th century, Egypt. Adilnor Collection, Sweden.

Among some scholars of Sunni Islam the term hadith may include not only the words, advice, practices, etc. of Muhammad, but also those of his companions.[18][19] In Shia Islam, Ḥadīth is the embodiment of the sunnah, the words and actions of the Prophet and his family the Ahl al-Bayt (The Twelve Imams and the Prophet's daughter, Fatimah).[20]

Other Languages
Acèh: Hadih
Afrikaans: Hadit
Alemannisch: Hadith
አማርኛ: ሀዲስ
العربية: حديث نبوي
অসমীয়া: হাদিছ
asturianu: Ḥadiz
azərbaycanca: Hədis
تۆرکجه: حدیث
বাংলা: হাদিস
башҡортса: Хәҙис
беларуская: Хадзіс
български: Хадис
bosanski: Hadis
brezhoneg: Hadit
català: Hadit
čeština: Hadís
Cymraeg: Hadith
dansk: Hadith
Deutsch: Hadith
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޙަދީޘް
Ελληνικά: Χαντίθ
español: Hadiz
Esperanto: Hadito
euskara: Hadith
فارسی: حدیث
français: Hadîth
Frysk: Hadith
galego: Hadith
한국어: 하디스
Hausa: Hadisi
Հայերեն: Հադիս
हिन्दी: हदीस
hrvatski: Hadis
Bahasa Indonesia: Hadis
íslenska: Hadíða
italiano: Ḥadīth
עברית: חדית'
Basa Jawa: Kadis
ქართული: ჰადისი
қазақша: Хадис
kurdî: Hedîs
Кыргызча: Хадис
Latina: Hadit
latviešu: Hadīti
lietuvių: Hadisai
magyar: Hadísz
മലയാളം: ഹദീഥ്
मराठी: हादिथ
Bahasa Melayu: Hadis
Nederlands: Hadith
日本語: ハディース
нохчийн: Хьадис
norsk: Hadith
norsk nynorsk: Hadíth
occitan: Hadit
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hadis
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਦੀਸ
پنجابی: حدیث
پښتو: حديث
Plattdüütsch: Hadith
polski: Hadis
português: Hádice
Qaraqalpaqsha: Ha'disler
română: Hadis
русский: Хадис
Scots: Hadith
shqip: Hadithi
Simple English: Hadith
سنڌي: حديث
Soomaaliga: Xadiis
کوردی: فەرموودە
српски / srpski: Хадис
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hadis
Basa Sunda: Hadis
suomi: Hadith
svenska: Hadith
Tagalog: Hadith
தமிழ்: ஹதீஸ்
татарча/tatarça: Хәдис
తెలుగు: హదీసులు
ไทย: หะดีษ
тоҷикӣ: Ҳадис
Türkçe: Hadis
українська: Хадис
اردو: حدیث
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھەدىس
Tiếng Việt: Hadith
粵語: 聖訓
Zazaki: Hedis
中文: 聖訓
Lingua Franca Nova: Hadith