HMS Holland 1

Holland 1 under way
Holland 1 under way
History
United Kingdom
Name:Holland 1
Ordered:1900
Builder:
Laid down:1900
Launched:1901 Yacht Shed No 1
Commissioned:1901
Decommissioned:5 November 1913
Fate:Lost while under tow, subsequently raised and on display at Royal Navy Submarine Museum, Gosport
General characteristics
Type:Submarine
Displacement:105 long tons (107 t) submerged
Length:63 ft 10 in (19.46 m)[1]
Beam:11 ft 9 in (3.58 m)[1]
Propulsion:
  • Petrol engine, 160 hp (119 kW)
  • Electric motor, 70 hp (52 kW)
Speed:7 knots (8.1 mph; 13 km/h) submerged
Range:20 nmi (37 km) at 7 kn (8.1 mph; 13 km/h) submerged
Test depth:100 ft (30 m)
Complement:8 (Lieutenant, Sub-Lieutenant, Coxswain, Torpedo Instructor, Chief Engineering Artificer, Leading Stoker, Stoker, Leading Seaman and Able Seaman)
Armament:

Holland 1 (or HM submarine Torpedo Boat No 1) was the first submarine commissioned by the Royal Navy, the first in a six-boat batch of the Holland-class submarine. She was lost in 1913 while under tow to the scrapyard following decommissioning. Recovered in 1982, she was put on display at the Royal Navy Submarine Museum, Gosport.

History

In 1901 she was ordered from John Philip Holland and built at Barrow-in-Furness. The keel was laid down 4 February 1901.[1] In order to keep the boat’s construction secret, she was assembled in a building labelled "Yacht Shed", and the parts that had to be fabricated in the general yard were marked for "pontoon no 1".[2] She was launched on 2 October 1901 and dived for the first time (in an enclosed basin) on 20 March 1902.[3] Sea trials began in April 1902.[4]

In September 1902 she arrived at Portsmouth with the other completed Holland boat and along with HMS Hazard (their tender) made up the "First Submarine Flotilla", commanded by Captain Reginald Bacon.

On 3 March 1903 Holland 1 suffered an explosion that caused four injuries.[5]

On 24 October 1904, with the rest of the Holland fleet and three A-class boats, Holland 1 sailed from Portsmouth to attack a Russian fleet that had mistakenly sunk a number of British fishing vessels in the North Sea in the Dogger Bank incident. The boats were recalled before any attack could take place.[6]

The submarine was decommissioned and sold in 1913 to Thos W Ward for £410.[6] By the time the submarine was sold she was considered so obsolete that she was sold with all fittings intact, and the only requirement put on the purchaser was that the torpedo tube be put out of action.[6]

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