Guyana

Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Motto: "One People, One Nation, One Destiny"
Location of  Guyana  (dark green) in South America  (grey)
Location of  Guyana  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Location of Guyana
Capital
and largest city
Georgetown
6°46′N 58°10′W / 6°46′N 58°10′W / 6.767; -58.167
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languages
Vernacular
language
Guyanese Creole
Other languages
Ethnic groups
(2012)
Religion
Demonym(s)Guyanese
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional socialist republic[2]
• President
David Granger
Moses Nagamootoo
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
1667–1814
1814–1966
• Independence from the United Kingdom becoming Guyana
26 May 1966
• Republic
23 February 1970
6 October 1980
Area
• Total
214,970 km2 (83,000 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
8.4
Population
• 2016 estimate
783,769[3] (165th)
• 2012 census
747,884[4]
• Density
3.502/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (232nd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$10 billion[5]
• Per capita
$10,398
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$8 billion
• Per capita
$6,479
Gini (1998)44.5[6]
medium
HDI (2017)Steady 0.654[7]
medium · 127th
CurrencyGuyanese dollar (GYD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic Standard Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+592
ISO 3166 codeGY
Internet TLD.gy

Guyana (pronounced ə/ or ə/),[8][9] officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana,[10] is a country on the northern mainland of South America. It is, however, often considered part of the Caribbean region because of its strong cultural, historical, and political ties with other Anglo-Caribbean countries and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. With 215,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi), Guyana is the third-smallest sovereign state on mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname.

The region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters". Originally inhabited by many indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century. It was governed as British Guiana, with a mostly plantation-style economy until the 1950s. It gained independence in 1966, and officially became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country's political administration and diverse population, which includes Indian, African, Amerindian, and multiracial groups.

Guyana is the only South American nation in which English is the official language. The majority of the population, however, speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language, as a first language. Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean. CARICOM, of which Guyana is a member, is headquartered in Guyana's capital and largest city, Georgetown. In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member.

Etymology

The name "Guyana" derives from Guiana, the original name for the region that formerly included Guyana (British Guiana), Suriname (Dutch Guiana), French Guiana, and parts of Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, "Guyana" comes from an indigenous Amerindian language and means "land of many waters".[11]

Other Languages
Acèh: Guyana
адыгабзэ: Гайанэ
Afrikaans: Guyana
Alemannisch: Guyana
አማርኛ: ጋያና
Ænglisc: Guyana
العربية: غيانا
aragonés: Guyana
armãneashti: Gaiana
arpetan: Guyana
asturianu: Guyana
Avañe'ẽ: Gujána
Aymar aru: Wayana
azərbaycanca: Qayana
تۆرکجه: قویان
বাংলা: গায়ানা
Bân-lâm-gú: Guyana
башҡортса: Гайана
беларуская: Гаяна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гаяна
भोजपुरी: गयाना
Bikol Central: Guyana
Bislama: Guyana
български: Гвиана
Boarisch: Guyana
བོད་ཡིག: གུ་ཡ་ན།
bosanski: Gvajana
brezhoneg: Guyana
буряад: Гайана
català: Guyana
Чӑвашла: Гайана
Cebuano: Guyana
čeština: Guyana
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Guyana
chiShona: Guyana
Cymraeg: Gaiana
dansk: Guyana
davvisámegiella: Guyana
Deutsch: Guyana
ދިވެހިބަސް: ގުޔާނާ
dolnoserbski: Guyana
डोटेली: गुयाना
eesti: Guyana
Ελληνικά: Γουιάνα
español: Guyana
Esperanto: Gujano
estremeñu: Guyana
euskara: Guyana
eʋegbe: Guyana
فارسی: گویان
Fiji Hindi: Guyana
føroyskt: Gujana
français: Guyana
Frysk: Guyana
Gaeilge: An Ghuáin
Gaelg: Geeaaney
Gagauz: Gayana
Gàidhlig: Guiana
galego: Güiana
Gĩkũyũ: Guyana
ગુજરાતી: ગુયાના
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: गयाना
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Guyana
한국어: 가이아나
հայերեն: Գայանա
हिन्दी: गयाना
hornjoserbsce: Guyana
hrvatski: Gvajana
Ido: Guyana
Igbo: Guyana
Ilokano: Guyana
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গায়েনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Guyana
interlingua: Guyana
Interlingue: Guyana
Ирон: Гайанæ
íslenska: Gvæjana
italiano: Guyana
עברית: גיאנה
Basa Jawa: Guyana
kalaallisut: Guyana
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗಯಾನ
Kapampangan: Guyana
къарачай-малкъар: Гайана
ქართული: გაიანა
қазақша: Гайана
kernowek: Gwayana
Kinyarwanda: Giyana
Kiswahili: Guyana
Kongo: Guyana
Kreyòl ayisyen: Giyàn
kurdî: Guyana
Кыргызча: Гайана
кырык мары: Гайана
Ladino: Guyana
latgaļu: Gajana
Latina: Guiana
latviešu: Gajāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Guyana
lietuvių: Gajana
Ligure: Guyana
Limburgs: Guyana
lingála: Gwiana
Lingua Franca Nova: Guiana
Livvinkarjala: Gaijana
la .lojban.: gudjanas
lumbaart: Gujana
magyar: Guyana
македонски: Гвајана
മലയാളം: ഗയാന
Malti: Gujana
मराठी: गयाना
მარგალური: გაიანა
مصرى: جويانا
مازِرونی: گویان
Bahasa Melayu: Guyana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Guyana
мокшень: Гайана
монгол: Гайана
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂိုင်ယာနာနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Guyana
Nederlands: Guyana
नेपाली: गयाना
日本語: ガイアナ
нохчийн: Гайана
Nordfriisk: Guyaana
Norfuk / Pitkern: Gwiiana
norsk: Guyana
norsk nynorsk: Guyana
Novial: Guyana
occitan: Guyana
олык марий: Гайана
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗାୟନା
Oromoo: Gayaanaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gayana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਇਆਨਾ
पालि: गयाना
پنجابی: گیآنا
Papiamentu: Guiana
پښتو: گويانا
Patois: Gayana
Piemontèis: Gujan-a
Tok Pisin: Giana
Plattdüütsch: Guyana
polski: Gujana
português: Guiana
Qaraqalpaqsha: Gayana
qırımtatarca: Gayana
română: Guyana
Runa Simi: Wayana
русский: Гайана
саха тыла: Гайана
संस्कृतम्: गयाना
sardu: Guyana
Scots: Guyana
Seeltersk: Guyana
shqip: Guajana
sicilianu: Gujana
සිංහල: ගයනාව
Simple English: Guyana
سنڌي: گيانا
slovenčina: Guyana (štát)
slovenščina: Gvajana
ślůnski: Gujana
Soomaaliga: Guyana
کوردی: گویانا
Sranantongo: Kayanakondre
српски / srpski: Гвајана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gvajana
Basa Sunda: Guyana
suomi: Guyana
svenska: Guyana
Tagalog: Guyana
தமிழ்: கயானா
татарча/tatarça: Гайана
తెలుగు: గయానా
tetun: Giana
Türkçe: Guyana
українська: Гаяна
اردو: گیانا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گايانا
Vahcuengh: Guyana
vèneto: Guyana
vepsän kel’: Gajan
Tiếng Việt: Guyana
Volapük: Gvayän
Võro: Guyana
walon: Gwiyane
文言: 圭亞那
Winaray: Guyana
Wolof: Guyaana
吴语: 圭亚那
ייִדיש: גייאנע
Yorùbá: Gùyánà
粵語: 圭亞那
Zazaki: Guyana
Zeêuws: Huyana
žemaitėška: Gajana
中文: 圭亚那