Gulzar

Gulzar
Gulzar at Tera Bayaan Ghalib.jpg
Gulzar at the launch of Jagjit Singh's album Tera Bayaan Ghalib
BornSampooran Singh Kalra
(1934-08-18) 18 August 1934 (age 84)
Dina, Punjab, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
NationalityIndian
OccupationFilm director, lyricist, screenwriter, producer, poet, author
Years active1971–99 (as director) (retired)1956–present (as lyricist)
Spouse(s)
Raakhee (m. 1973)
ChildrenMeghna Gulzar
Parent(s)Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur
AwardsPadma Bhushan (2004), Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2013), Academy Award for Best Original Song (2008)
Signature
Gulzar signature

Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist, and film director.[1] Born in Jhelum District in British India (now in Pakistan) his family moved to India after partition. He started his career with music director S.D. Burman as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Vishal Bhardwaj and A. R. Rahman. He directed films such as Aandhi and Mausam during the 1970s and the TV series Mirza Ghalib in the 1980s. He also directed Kirdaar in 1993. He also wrote the theme song for Motu Patlu, an Indian animated sitcom.

Gulzar also wrote poetry, dialogues and scripts. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2004, the third-highest civilian award in India,[2] the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award — the highest award in Indian cinema. He has won several Indian National Film Awards, 20 Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award.[3][4]

Early life

Gulzar was born in a Kalra Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). In school, he had read translations of the works of Tagore which he recounted as one of his life's many turning points. Due to the partition, his family split and he had to stop his studies and come to Mumbai (then called Bombay) to support his family. Sampooran took up many small jobs in Mumbai to eke out a living, including one at a garage at Vichare motors on Bellasis road (Mumbai).[5] There he used to touch up accident-damaged cars by mixing shades of paint, in his own words "I had a knack for colors". His father rebuked him for being a writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi and later simply Gulzar.[6] In an interview with Rajyasabha TV, he recounted enjoying his work as a painter as it allowed him a lot of time to simultaneously read, write, attend college and be involved with the PWA (Progressive writers association).[1][7][8]

Other Languages
العربية: غولزار
বাংলা: গুলজার
Deutsch: Gulzar
español: Gulzar
français: Gulzar
한국어: 굴자르
հայերեն: Գուլզար
Bahasa Indonesia: Gulzar
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗುಲ್ಜಾರ್
मैथिली: गुलजार
Malagasy: Gulzar
മലയാളം: ഗുൽസാർ
मराठी: गुलजार
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗୁଲଜାର
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਲਜ਼ਾਰ
پنجابی: گلزار
Scots: Gulzar
Simple English: Gulzar
suomi: Gulzar
தமிழ்: குல்சார்
తెలుగు: గుల్జార్
Türkçe: Gulzar
اردو: گلزار