Gujarat (/, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] () is a ) listen on the western coast of state with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the India peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million. It is the Kathiawar and the fifth largest Indian state by area . Gujarat is bordered by ninth largest state by population to the northeast, Rajasthan to the south, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the southeast, Maharashtra to the east, and the Madhya Pradesh and the Arabian Sea province of Pakistani to the west. Its Sindh is capital city , while its largest city is Gandhinagar . Ahmedabad The  -speaking people of India are indigenous to the state. The Gujarati is the economy of Gujarat in India with fifth-largest state economy (US$180 billion) in GDP and a per capita GDP of ₹13.14 lakh crore (US$2,400). ₹174,000 Gujarat ranks  among Indian states in fifteenth . human development index 
The state encompasses some sites of the ancient
, such as Indus Valley Civilisation , Lothal and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Dholavira coastal cities, chiefly Gujarat's and Bharuch , served as ports and trading centres in the Khambhat and Maurya empires, and during the succession of royal Gupta dynasties from the Saka era. Along with Western Satraps and Bihar , Gujarat is one of the three Indian states to Nagaland . prohibit the sale of alcohol in Gujarat is home of the only wild population of the Gir Forest National Park in the world. Asiatic lion
Gujarat is derived from the Sanskrit term
, meaning "The Land of the Gurjaradesa ", who ruled Gujarat in the 8th and 9th centuries CE. Gurjaras    Parts of modern  and Gujarat have been known as Rajasthan Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period.
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni:
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: