Gujarat

Gujarat
AsiaticLionMale.jpg
Gujarat Montage.jpg
Anthem: Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat
‘’Victory to Proud Gujarat’’
Gujarat in India
Location of Gujarat in India
Coordinates (Gandhinagar): 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23.217; 72.683
The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960
Symbols of Gujarat[6]
LanguageGujarati[2]
Song"Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat" by Narmad[7]
CalendarSaka
MammalAsiatic lion[6]
BirdGreater flamingo[6]
FlowerMarigold (galgota)[6]
FruitMango[8]
TreeBanyan[6]

Gujarat (t/, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] (About this soundlisten)) is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million. It is the fifth largest Indian state by area and the ninth largest state by population. Gujarat is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Daman and Diu to the south, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.[9] The Gujarati-speaking people of India are indigenous to the state. The economy of Gujarat is the fifth-largest state economy in India with 13.14 lakh crore (US$180 billion) in GDP and a per capita GDP of 174,000 (US$2,400).[1] Gujarat ranks fifteenth among Indian states in human development index.[4]

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era. Along with Bihar and Nagaland, Gujarat is one of the three Indian states to prohibit the sale of alcohol. Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat is home of the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world.

Etymology

Gujarat is derived from the Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, meaning "The Land of the Gurjaras", who ruled Gujarat in the 8th and 9th centuries CE.[10][11][12][13] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period.[14]

Other Languages
Acèh: Gujarat
Afrikaans: Gujarat
አማርኛ: ጉጀራት
Ænglisc: Gujarat
العربية: كجرات
aragonés: Gucharat
অসমীয়া: গুজৰাট
asturianu: Guyarat
azərbaycanca: Qücərat
تۆرکجه: قجرات
বাংলা: গুজরাত
Bân-lâm-gú: Gujarat
беларуская: Гуджарат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гуджарат
भोजपुरी: गुजरात
български: Гуджарат
བོད་ཡིག: གྷུ་ཇ་རཱཏ།
brezhoneg: Gujarat
català: Gujarat
čeština: Gudžarát
Cymraeg: Gujarat
dansk: Gujarat
Deutsch: Gujarat
ދިވެހިބަސް: ގުޖުރާތު
dolnoserbski: Gudžarat
डोटेली: गुजरात
eesti: Gujarat
Ελληνικά: Γκουτζαράτ
español: Guyarat
Esperanto: Guĝarato
euskara: Gujarat
فارسی: گجرات
Fiji Hindi: Gujarat
français: Gujarat
ગુજરાતી: ગુજરાત
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: गुजरात
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gujarat
한국어: 구자라트주
հայերեն: Գուջարաթ
हिन्दी: गुजरात
hornjoserbsce: Gudźarat
hrvatski: Gudžerat
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গুজরাত
Bahasa Indonesia: Gujarat
interlingua: Gujarat
íslenska: Gújarat
italiano: Gujarat
עברית: גוג'ראט
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Kapampangan: Gujarat
ქართული: გუჯარათი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: گجرات
Kiswahili: Gujarat
لۊری شومالی: گوجرات
Latina: Guzarata
latviešu: Gudžarāta
лезги: Гуджарат
lietuvių: Gudžaratas
magyar: Gudzsarát
मैथिली: गुजरात
македонски: Гуџарат
Malagasy: Gujarat
മലയാളം: ഗുജറാത്ത്‌
मराठी: गुजरात
მარგალური: გუჯარათი
مصرى: جوجرات
Bahasa Melayu: Gujarat
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gujarat
монгол: Гужарат
Nederlands: Gujarat
नेपाली: गुजरात
नेपाल भाषा: गुजरात
нохчийн: Гуджарат
Nordfriisk: Gujarat
norsk: Gujarat
norsk nynorsk: Gujarat
occitan: Gujarat
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗୁଜରାଟ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gujarot
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਜਰਾਤ
پښتو: گوجرات
polski: Gudźarat
português: Guzerate
română: Gujarat
русский: Гуджарат
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱴ
संस्कृतम्: गुजरातराज्यम्
Scots: Gujarat
shqip: Guxharat
සිංහල: ගුජරාටය
Simple English: Gujarat
سنڌي: گجرات
slovenčina: Gudžarát
slovenščina: Gudžarat
کوردی: گوجەرات
српски / srpski: Гуџарат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gujarat
suomi: Gujarat
svenska: Gujarat
Tagalog: Gujarat
татарча/tatarça: Гөҗәрат
తెలుగు: గుజరాత్
ತುಳು: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Türkçe: Gucerat
Türkmençe: Güjerat
українська: Гуджарат
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گۇجارات
vèneto: Gujarat
Tiếng Việt: Gujarat
Winaray: Gujarat
ייִדיש: גודזשאראט
Yorùbá: Gujarat
Zazaki: Gucerat