Map of Ancient Georgian states c. 600 - 150 BC. Places inhabited by Gugars in a pale shade brown(right).

The Gugars were a people of Caucasian Iberia, settling near the Debeda river, mentioned by Strabo.

They were presumably an early Georgian (Kartvelian) people (Georgian: გუგარები, gugarebi).

The toponym Gogarene, an integral part of Caucasian Iberia, is derived from their name. The region is first mentioned by Strabo who records it as a province of Iberia. Later it was renamed Gugark, after the conquests of Arshakid Armenian rulers in the 2nd century BC.

Gogarene, integral part of Iberia, at times annexed by Armenia
  • references


  1. Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, vol. 3, pg. 289, Tb., 1978
  2. Iv. Javakhishvili, Introduction to the History of the Georgian Nation, Book 1 — Ethnological and historical problems of Georgia, Caucasus and the Middle East, Tb., 1950;
  3. D. Muskhelishvili,Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pg. 196, Tbilisi., 1978
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ქართული: გუგარები