Regions with significant populations
Guanche language · Silbo
Animism (Guanche mythology)
Related ethnic groups
Berbers, Canarian people

Guanches were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Canary Islands.[1] In 2017, the first genome-wide data from the Guanches confirmed a North African origin and that they were genetically most similar to modern North African Berber, peoples of the nearby North African mainland.[2] It is believed that they migrated to the archipelago around 1000 BC or perhaps earlier. The Guanches were the only native people known to have lived in the Macaronesian region before the arrival of Europeans, as there is no evidence that the other Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira) were inhabited before Europeans arrived. After the Spanish conquest of the Canaries they were ethnically and culturally absorbed by Spanish settlers,[1] although elements of their culture survive to this day, intermixed within Canarian customs and traditions such as Silbo (the whistled language of La Gomera Island).


The native term guanchinet literally translated means "person of Tenerife" (from Guan = person and Chinet = Tenerife).[1] It was modified, according to Juan Núñez de la Peña, by the Castilians into "Guanchos".[3] Though etymologically being an ancient, Tenerife-specific, term, the word Guanche is now mostly used to refer to the pre-Hispanic aboriginal inhabitants of the entire archipelago.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Guanche
العربية: غوانش
azərbaycanca: Quançilər
български: Гуанчи
català: Guanxes
čeština: Guančové
dansk: Guancher
Deutsch: Guanchen
Ελληνικά: Γουάντσε
Esperanto: Guanĉoj
euskara: Guantxe
فارسی: گوانچه
français: Guanches
galego: Guanches
한국어: 관체인
हिन्दी: गुआंचे
hrvatski: Guanči
Bahasa Indonesia: Guanche
íslenska: Guanche
italiano: Guanci
עברית: גואנצ'ים
ქართული: გუანშები
kurdî: Guanche
magyar: Guancsok
مصرى: غوانش
Nederlands: Guanchen
norsk: Guanches
polski: Guanczowie
português: Guanches
română: Guanși
русский: Гуанчи
српски / srpski: Гуанчи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Guanči
suomi: Guanchit
svenska: Guancher
Türkçe: Guançeler
українська: Гуанчі
Yorùbá: Guanches
中文: 關切人