Greater Antilles

Greater Antilles
Grandes Antilles (in French)
Antillas Mayores (in Spanish)
Region of the Caribbean
Location within the Caribbean.
Location within the Caribbean.
Island States
Area
 • Total207,411 km2 (80,081 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total38,400,500
 • Density171.45/km2 (444.1/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Greater Antillean
Time zonesEST: UTC-5/EDT: UTC-4
AST: UTC-4/ADT: UTC-3

The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.

The Greater Antilles constitute nearly 90% of the land mass of the entire West Indies,[1] as well as over 90% of its population. The remainder of the land belongs to the archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, which is a chain of islands to the east (running north-south and encompassing the eastern edge of the Caribbean Sea where it meets the Atlantic Ocean) and south (running east-west off the northern coast of South America).

The word Antilles originated in the period before the European conquest of the New World - Europeans used the term Antilia as one of the mysterious lands featured on medieval charts, sometimes as an archipelago, sometimes as continuous land of greater or lesser extent, its location fluctuating in mid-ocean between the Canary Islands and Eurasia.

The Lucayan Archipelago is not considered to be a part of the Antilles archipelagoes but rather of the North Atlantic.

Countries

Name Area
(km²)
Population
(2017)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Cayman Islands (UK) 264 58,441 207.9 George Town
Cuba 110,860 11,147,407 102.4 Havana
Dominican Republic 48,442 10,734,247 183.7 Santo Domingo
Haiti 27,750 10,646,714 292.7 Port-au-Prince
Jamaica 10,991 2,990,561 248.6 Kingston
Puerto Rico (US) 9,104 3,351,827 430.2 San Juan
Total 207,411 38,929,197 169.05
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Groot Antille
Alemannisch: Große Antillen
asturianu: Antilles Mayores
Bân-lâm-gú: Toā Antilles Kûn-tó
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вялікія Антыльскія астравы
български: Големи Антили
bosanski: Veliki Antili
brezhoneg: Antilhez Brasañ
čeština: Velké Antily
Esperanto: Grandaj Antiloj
français: Grandes Antilles
Gàidhlig: Greater Antilles
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thai Antilles Khiùn-tó
hrvatski: Veliki Antili
Bahasa Indonesia: Antillen Besar
italiano: Grandi Antille
Kiswahili: Antili Kubwa
Lëtzebuergesch: Grouss Antillen
lietuvių: Didieji Antilai
lumbaart: Antil Grand
македонски: Големи Антили
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Duâi Antilles Gùng-dō̤
Nederlands: Grote Antillen
Nordfriisk: Grat Antilen
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Katta antil orollari
português: Grandes Antilhas
română: Antilele Mari
Seeltersk: Groote Antillen
Simple English: Greater Antilles
slovenčina: Veľké Antily
српски / srpski: Велики Антили
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Veliki Antili
Tiếng Việt: Đại Antilles