Grants Pass, Oregon

Grants Pass, Oregon
City of Grants Pass, Oregon
Grants Pass, Its the Climate.jpg
Motto: Live Rogue; It's the Climate!
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Grants Pass, Oregon is located in the US
Grants Pass, Oregon
Grants Pass, Oregon
Location in USA
Coordinates: 42°26′20″N 123°19′42″W / 42.43889°N 123.32833°W / 42°26′20″N 123°19′42″W / 42.43889; -123.32833
Country United States
State Oregon
County Josephine
Incorporated 1887
 •  Mayor Darin Fowler
Area [1]
 • Total 11.03 sq mi (28.57 km2)
 • Land 10.87 sq mi (28.15 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)
Elevation 960 ft (290 m)
Population ( 2010) [2]
 • Total 34,533
 • Estimate (2013) [3] 35,076
 • Density 3,176.9/sq mi (1,226.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific ( UTC-8)
 • Summer ( DST) Pacific ( UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97526, 97527, 97528, 97543
Area code(s) 541 and 458
FIPS code 41-30550 [4]
GNIS feature ID 1142947 [5]
Website City of Grants Pass

Grants Pass is a city in, and the county seat of, Josephine County, Oregon, United States. [6] The city is located on Interstate 5, northwest of Medford. Attractions include the Rogue River, famous for its rafting, and the nearby Oregon Caves National Monument located 30 miles (48 km) south of the city. Grants Pass is 256 miles (412 km) south of Portland, the largest city in Oregon. The population was 34,533 at the 2010 census. [7]


Early Hudson's Bay Company hunters and trappers, following the Siskiyou Trail, passed through the site beginning in the 1820s. In the late 1840s, settlers (mostly American) following the Applegate Trail began traveling through the area on their way to the Willamette Valley. The city states [8] that the name was selected to honor General Ulysses S. Grant's success at Vicksburg. Grants Pass post office was established on March 22, 1865. [9] The city of Grants Pass was incorporated in 1887. [10]

The Oregon-Utah Sugar Company (financed by Charles W. Nibley) was created, leading to a sugar beet factory being built in Grants Pass in 1916. [11] Before the factory opened, Oregon-Utah Sugar was merged into the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company. [11] Due to labor shortages and low acreage planted in sugar beets, the processing machinery was moved to Toppenish, Washington in 1918 or 1919. [11]