Government of Hungary

Coat of arms of Hungary.svg
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The Government of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország Kormánya) exercises executive power in Hungary.[1] It is led by the Prime Minister, and is composed of various ministers.[2] It is the principal organ of public administration. The Prime Minister (miniszterelnök) is elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament. The Prime Minister selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees, survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament.

Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system. The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 6 April 2014.[3] This parliamentary election was the 7th since the 1990 first multi-party election. The result was a victory for FideszKDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister.[4] It was the first election according to the new Constitution of Hungary which went into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also entered into force that day. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers.[5][6]

List of cabinets since 1989:

Governments of Hungary
Name of GovernmentDuration of GovernmentPrime ministerParties Involved
NémethOctober 23, 1989 – May 23, 1990Miklós Németh (MSZP)MSZP
AntallMay 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993József Antall (MDF)MDF, FKgP, KDNP
BorossDecember 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993Péter Boross (MDF)MDF, EKgP, KDNP
December 21, 1993 – July 15, 1994
HornJuly 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998Gyula Horn (MSZP)MSZP, SZDSZ
Orbán IJuly 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, FKgP, MDF
MedgyessyMay 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004Péter Medgyessy (Ind.)MSZP, SZDSZ
Gyurcsány ISeptember 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)
Gyurcsány IIJune 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)MSZP, SZDSZ
BajnaiApril 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010Gordon Bajnai (Ind.)MSZP
Orbán IIMay 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán IIIJune 6, 2014 –Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)Fidesz, KDNP

Traditional colours
Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP)
Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF)
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt, FKgP)
United Smallholders' Party (Egyesült Történelmi Kisgazda és Polgári Párt, EKgP)
Christian Democratic People's Party (Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP)
Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ)
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség, Fidesz)

Current government

Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2014, the current prime minister, Viktor Orbán is serving with his government since 6 June 2014.

Name Office Party Period
Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Zsolt Semjén Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
KDNP 06.06.2014 -
János Lázár Minister of the Prime Minister’s Office Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Antal Rogán Minister of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office Fidesz 07.10.2015 -
Tibor Navracsics Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fidesz 06.06.2014 - 22.09.2014
Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 23.09.2014 -
Sándor Pintér Ministry of Interior Independent 06.06.2014 -
László Trócsányi Minister of Justice Independent 06.06.2014 -
Mihály Varga Minister of National Economy Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Zoltán Balog Minister of Human Resources Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Miklós Seszták Minister of National Development KDNP 06.06.2014 -
Sándor Fazekas Minister of Agriculture Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Csaba Hende Minister of Defence Fidesz 06.06.2014 - 07.09.2015
István Simicskó KDNP 10.09.2015 -