Government

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.[1]

In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. Each government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy. Typically the philosophy chosen is some balance between the principle of individual freedom and the idea of absolute state authority (tyranny).

While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth, as well as subsidiary organizations.[2]

Historically prevalent forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy and tyranny. The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession.

Definitions and etymology

A government is the system to govern a state or community.[3]

The word government derives, ultimately, from the Greek verb κυβερνάω [kubernáo] (meaning to steer with gubernaculum (rudder), the metaphorical sense being attested in Plato's Ship of State).[4]

The Columbia Encyclopedia defines government as "a system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is vested in a particular group in society".[5]

While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth, as well as their subsidiary organizations.[2]

In the Commonwealth of Nations, the word government is also used more narrowly to refer to the ministry (collective executive), a collective group of people that exercises executive authority in a state[citation needed] or, metonymically, to the governing cabinet as part of the executive.

Finally, government is also sometimes used in English as a synonym for governance.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Regering
Alemannisch: Regierung
አማርኛ: መንግሥት
العربية: حكومة
aragonés: Gubierno
armãneashti: Chivernisi
asturianu: Gobiernu
azərbaycanca: Hökumət
تۆرکجه: حؤکومت
বাংলা: সরকার
Bân-lâm-gú: Chèng-hú
Basa Banyumasan: Pemerentahan
башҡортса: Хөкүмәт
беларуская: Урад
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Урад
български: Правителство
bosanski: Vlast
brezhoneg: Gouarnamant
буряад: Засаглал
català: Govern
Cebuano: Kagamhanan
čeština: Státní moc
Chamoru: Gobietnu
Chi-Chewa: Boma
Cymraeg: Llywodraeth
dansk: Regering
davvisámegiella: Ráđđehus
Deutsch: Regierung
eesti: Valitsus
Ελληνικά: Κυβέρνηση
español: Gobierno
Esperanto: Registaro
estremeñu: Goviernu
euskara: Gobernu
فارسی: حکومت
Fiji Hindi: Sarkar
français: Gouvernement
Frysk: Regear
Gaeilge: Rialtas
Gaelg: Reiltys
Gàidhlig: Riaghaltas
galego: Goberno
한국어: 정부
Hawaiʻi: Aupuni
हिन्दी: सरकार
hrvatski: Vlast
Ilokano: Gobierno
Bahasa Indonesia: Pemerintah
interlingua: Governamento
Interlingue: Guvernament
íslenska: Ríkisstjórn
italiano: Governo
עברית: ממשלה
Basa Jawa: Pamaréntah
kalaallisut: Naalakkersueriaaseq
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸರಕಾರ
къарачай-малкъар: Правительство
ქართული: მთავრობა
қазақша: Үкімет
Kiswahili: Serikali
Kreyòl ayisyen: Gouvènman
Кыргызча: Өкмөт
Latina: Rectio
latviešu: Valdība
Lëtzebuergesch: Regierung
lietuvių: Vyriausybė
lingála: Guvɛnɛmá
lumbaart: Governo
मैथिली: सरकार
македонски: Влада
Malagasy: Governemanta
മലയാളം: ഗവൺമെന്റ്
Māori: Kāwanatanga
मराठी: सरकार
მარგალური: თარობა
مصرى: حكومه
Bahasa Melayu: Pemerintahan
Baso Minangkabau: Pamarintahan
Mirandés: Gobierno
монгол: Засаглал
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အစိုးရ
Nederlands: Regering
नेपाली: सरकार
日本語: 政府
norsk: Regjering
norsk nynorsk: Regjering
Nouormand: Gouvèrnément
occitan: Govèrn
Oromoo: Mootummaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hukumat
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਰਕਾਰ
پنجابی: سرکار
پښتو: حکومت
Patois: Gobament
ភាសាខ្មែរ: រដ្ឋាភិបាល
Piemontèis: Govern
Tok Pisin: Gavman
português: Governo
română: Guvern
русиньскый: Влада
саха тыла: Дьаhалта
Scots: Govrenment
shqip: Qeveria
sicilianu: Cuvernu
සිංහල: ආණ්ඩුව
Simple English: Government
سنڌي: حڪومت
slovenščina: Vladavina
کوردی: حکوومەت
српски / srpski: Влада
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vlast
Basa Sunda: Pamaréntah
suomi: Hallinto
svenska: Regering
Tagalog: Pamahalaan
татарча/tatarça: Xökümät
తెలుగు: ప్రభుత్వం
тоҷикӣ: Ҳукумат
Türkçe: Hükûmet
українська: Уряд
اردو: حکومت
Vahcuengh: Cwngfuj
vèneto: Goerno
Tiếng Việt: Chính phủ
文言: 政府
Winaray: Pamunuan
吴语: 政府
Xitsonga: Hulumendhe
ייִדיש: רעגירונג
Yorùbá: Ìjọba
粵語: 政府
中文: 政府