Gothenburg

Gothenburg

Göteborg
Clockwise, from top: Göta älv with Barken Viking to the left, Gunnebo House, Gothia Towers including Svenska Mässan, Elfsborg Fortress, Ullevi stadium, Gothenburg heritage tram, Poseidon at Götaplatsen, The Göteborg Opera
Nicknames: 
  • Little London
  • Gbg
  • New Amsterdam
  • The front side of Sweden
Gothenburg is located in Västra Götaland
Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Location within Västra Götaland
Gothenburg is located in Southern Sweden
Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Location within South Sweden
Gothenburg is located in Sweden
Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Location within Sweden
Coordinates: 57°42′N 11°58′E / 57°42′N 11°58′E / 57.700; 11.967UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
40xxx – 41xxx – 421xx – 427xx
Area code(s)(+46) 31
Website

Gothenburg (ɡ/ (About this soundlisten);[5] abbreviated Gbg;[6][7] Swedish: Göteborg [jœtɛˈbɔrj] (About this soundlisten)) is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a population of approximately 570,000 in the city center and about 1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area.[1]

Gothenburg was founded as a heavily fortified, primarily Dutch, trading colony, by royal charter in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus. In addition to the generous privileges (e.g. tax relaxation) given to his Dutch allies from the then-ongoing Thirty Years' War, the king also attracted significant numbers of his German and Scottish allies to populate his only town on the western coast. At a key strategic location at the mouth of the Göta älv, where Scandinavia's largest drainage basin enters the sea, the Port of Gothenburg is now the largest port in the Nordic countries.[8]

Gothenburg is home to many students, as the city includes the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. Volvo was founded in Gothenburg in 1927.[9] The original parent Volvo Group and the now separate Volvo Car Corporation are still headquartered on the island of Hisingen in the city. Other key companies are SKF and Astra Zeneca.

Gothenburg is served by Göteborg Landvetter Airport 30 km (19 mi) southeast of the city center. The smaller Göteborg City Airport, 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center, was closed to regular airline traffic in 2015.

The city hosts the Gothia Cup, the world's largest youth football tournament, alongside some of the largest annual events in Scandinavia. The Gothenburg Film Festival, held in January since 1979, is the leading Scandinavian film festival with over 155,000 visitors each year.[10] In summer, a wide variety of music festivals are held in the city, including the popular Way Out West Festival.

Name

The city was named Göteborg in the city's charter in 1621[11] and simultaneously given the German and English name Gothenburg.[12] The Swedish name was given after the Göta älv, called Göta River in English,[13] and other cities ending in -borg.[14][15][16]

Both the Swedish and German/English names were in use before 1621 and had already been used for the previous city founded in 1604 and burned down in 1611.[17] Gothenburg is one of few Swedish cities to still have an official and widely used exonym. Another example is the province of Scania in southern Sweden.

The city council of 1641 consisted of four Swedish, three Dutch, three German, and two Scottish members. In Dutch, Scots, English, and German, all languages with a long history in this trade and maritime-oriented city, the name Gothenburg is or was (in the case of German) used for the city. Variations of the official German/English name Gothenburg in the city's 1621 charter existed or exist in many languages. The French form of the city name is Gothembourg, but in French texts, the Swedish name Göteborg is more frequent. "Gothenburg" can also be seen in some older English texts. In Spanish and Portuguese the city is called Gotemburgo. These traditional forms are sometimes replaced with the use of the Swedish Göteborg, for example by The Göteborg Opera and the Göteborg Ballet. However, Göteborgs universitet, previously designated as the Göteborg University in English, changed its name to the University of Gothenburg in 2008.[18] The Gothenburg municipality has also reverted to the use of the English name in international contexts.[19]

In 2009, the city council launched a new logotype for Gothenburg. Since the name "Göteborg" contains the Swedish letter "ö" the idea was to make the name more international and up to date by "turning" the "ö" sideways. As of 2015, the name is spelled "Go:teborg" on a large number of signs in the city.[20]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gotenburg
አማርኛ: ዬተቦርይ
Ænglisc: Geatnaburg
العربية: غوتنبرغ
asturianu: Gotemburgu
azərbaycanca: Göteborq
Bân-lâm-gú: Götebor
беларуская: Гётэбарг
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гётэборг
български: Гьотеборг
Boarisch: Gotnburg
bosanski: Göteborg
brezhoneg: Göteborg
català: Göteborg
čeština: Göteborg
chiShona: Gothenburg
corsu: Göteborg
Cymraeg: Göteborg
dansk: Göteborg
davvisámegiella: Göteborg
Deutsch: Göteborg
dolnoserbski: Göteborg
eesti: Göteborg
Ελληνικά: Γκέτεμποργκ
español: Gotemburgo
Esperanto: Göteborg
euskara: Göteborg
eʋegbe: Göteborg
فارسی: یوتبری
føroyskt: Göteborg
français: Göteborg
Gaeilge: Göteborg
Gàidhlig: Göteborg
galego: Gotemburgo
한국어: 예테보리
հայերեն: Գյոթեբորգ
हिन्दी: गोथनबर्ग
hornjoserbsce: Göteborg
hrvatski: Göteborg
Bahasa Indonesia: Göteborg
interlingua: Göteborg
Interlingue: Göteborg
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐃᐅᑕᐳᕆ
íslenska: Gautaborg
italiano: Göteborg
עברית: גטבורג
Jawa: Göteborg
kalaallisut: Göteborg
ქართული: გეტებორგი
kaszëbsczi: Göteborg
қазақша: Гётеборг
kernowek: Göteborg
Kiswahili: Göteborg
kurdî: Göteborg
Кыргызча: Гётеборг
Latina: Gothoburgum
latviešu: Gēteborga
Lëtzebuergesch: Göteborg
lietuvių: Geteborgas
Ligure: Göteborg
Limburgs: Göteborg
lumbaart: Göteborg
magyar: Göteborg
македонски: Гетеборг
മലയാളം: ഗോഥെൻബർഗ്
Māori: Gothenburg
مصرى: جوتنبرج
Bahasa Melayu: Gothenburg
монгол: Гётеборг
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂိုသန်ဘာ့ဂ်မြို့
Nederlands: Göteborg (stad)
日本語: ヨーテボリ
нохчийн: Гётеборг
Nordfriisk: Göteborg
norsk: Göteborg
norsk nynorsk: Göteborg
پنجابی: گووتھنبرگ
Piemontèis: Göteborg
Plattdüütsch: Göteborg
polski: Göteborg
português: Gotemburgo
Qaraqalpaqsha: Göteborg
română: Göteborg
Runa Simi: Gotemburg
русиньскый: Гетеборг
русский: Гётеборг
sardu: Göteborg
Scots: Gothenburg
shqip: Göteborg
Simple English: Gothenburg
slovenčina: Göteborg
slovenščina: Göteborg
ślůnski: Göteborg
Soomaaliga: Göteborg
کوردی: یۆتۆبۆری
српски / srpski: Гетеборг
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Göteborg
Sunda: Gothenburg
suomi: Göteborg
svenska: Göteborg
татарча/tatarça: Гөтеборг
Türkçe: Göteborg
українська: Гетеборг
vèneto: Göteborg
vepsän kel’: Göteborg
Tiếng Việt: Göteborg
Volapük: Göteborg
Winaray: Gothenburg
吴语: 哥德堡
ייִדיש: געטעבארג
粵語: 哥德堡
中文: 哥德堡