Goitre

Goitre
SynonymsGoiter
Thyroid, Diffuse Hyperplasia.jpg
Diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid
SpecialtyEndocrinology

A goitre or goiter is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland.[1][2]A goitre is associated with a thyroid that is not functioning properly.

Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are caused by iodine deficiency.[3] The term is from the Latin gutteria. Most goitres are of a benign nature.

Signs and symptoms

A goitre, associated with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, may be present with symptoms of the underlying disorder. For hyperthyroidism, the most common symptoms are associated with adrenergic stimulation: tachycardia (increased heart rate), palpitations, nervousness, tremor, increased blood pressure and heat intolerance. Clinical manifestations are often related to hypermetabolism, (increased metabolism), excessive thyroid hormone, an increase in oxygen consumption, metabolic changes in protein metabolism, immunologic stimulation of diffuse goitre, and ocular changes (exophthalmos).[4] Hypothyroid individuals may have weight gain despite poor appetite, cold intolerance, constipation and lethargy. However, these symptoms are often non-specific and make diagnosis difficult.

Other Languages
aragonés: Banzo tiroideu
বাংলা: গলগন্ড
Bahasa Banjar: Tekok
bosanski: Struma
català: Goll
dansk: Struma
Deutsch: Struma
eesti: Struuma
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Magòtt
español: Bocio
euskara: Golo
فارسی: گواتر
français: Goitre
Gaeilge: Ainglis
한국어: 갑상선종
հայերեն: Խպիպ
हिन्दी: घेंघा रोग
hrvatski: Gušavost
Ido: Strumo
Bahasa Indonesia: Gondok
עברית: זפקת
Kapampangan: Buklo
қазақша: Струма
kurdî: Strûma
Кыргызча: Богок
lietuvių: Gūžys (liga)
lumbaart: Magot
magyar: Golyva
മലയാളം: ഗോയിറ്റർ
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လည်ပင်းကြီးရောဂါ
नेपाल भाषा: गलः
日本語: 甲状腺腫
norsk: Struma
norsk nynorsk: Struma
português: Bócio
Runa Simi: Q'utu
සිංහල: ගලගණ්ඩය
Simple English: Goitre
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gušavost
Basa Sunda: Gondok
suomi: Struuma
svenska: Struma
Tagalog: Bosyo
Türkçe: Guatr
українська: Зоб (хвороба)
中文: 甲状腺肿