Germans

Germans
Deutsche
Flag of Germany.svg
Total population
c. 100 – c. 150 million worldwide[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Germany73,113,500[2]
 United States46,047,113 (descent)[3]
 Brazil12,000,000 (descent)[4][5]
 Argentina3,541,600 (descent)[6]
 Canada3,322,405 (descent)[7]
 Chile500,000 (descent)[8]
 France437,000[9]
 Russia394,138[citation needed]
 Netherlands368,512[10]
 Italy310,900[11]
 Austria186,891 [12]
 Kazakhstan181,958[13]
 Poland148,000[14]
 Spain153,245[citation needed]
 Hungary131,951[15]
 Sweden50,863[citation needed]
 Mexico15,000-40,000[16]
 Uruguay40,000[17]
 Romania36,000[18]
 Ukraine33,302[citation needed]
 Norway27,593[19][20]
 Dominican Republic25,000[21]
 Czech Republic21,216[22]
Languages
German: High German (Upper German, Central German), Low German (see German dialects)
Religion
Historically:
2/3rds Protestant[note 1]
1/3rd Roman Catholic
Nowadays:
1/3rd Protestant[note 2][23]
1/3rd Roman Catholic
1/3rd Irreligious
Related ethnic groups
other Germanic peoples

Germans (German: Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe,[24][25] who share a common German ancestry, culture and history. German is the shared mother tongue of a substantial majority of ethnic Germans.

The English term Germans has historically referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages.[26] Ever since the outbreak of the Protestant Reformation within the Holy Roman Empire, German society has been characterized by a Catholic-Protestant divide.[27]

Of approximately 100 million native speakers of German in the world,[28] roughly 80 million consider themselves Germans.[citation needed] There are an additional 80 million people of German ancestry mainly in the United States, Brazil (mainly in the South Region of the country), Argentina, Canada, South Africa, the post-Soviet states (mainly in Russia and Kazakhstan), and France, each accounting for at least 1 million.[note 3] Thus, the total number of Germans lies somewhere between 100 and more than 150 million, depending on the criteria applied[1] (native speakers, single-ancestry ethnic Germans, partial German ancestry, etc.).

Today, people from countries with German-speaking majorities (such as Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and other historically-tied countries like Luxembourg) most often subscribe to their own national identities and may or may not also self-identify as ethnically German.[29]

Name

Roman limes and modern boundaries.

The German term Deutsche originates from the Old High German word diutisc (from diot "people"), referring to the Germanic "language of the people". It is not clear how commonly, if at all, the word was used as an ethnonym in Old High German.

Used as a noun, ein diutscher in the sense of "a German" emerges in Middle High German, attested from the second half of the 12th century.[30]

The Old French term alemans is taken from the name of the Alamanni. It was loaned into Middle English as almains in the early 14th century. The word Dutch is attested in English from the 14th century, denoting continental West Germanic ("Dutch" and "German") dialects and their speakers.[31]

While in most Romance languages the Germans have been named from the Alamanni (in what became Swabia) (some, like standard Italian tedeschi, retain an older borrowing of the endonym, while the Romanian 'germani' stems from the historical correlation with the ancient region of Germania), the Old Norse, Finnish, and Estonian names for the Germans were taken from that of the Saxons. In Slavic languages, the Germans were given the name of němьci (singular němьcь), originally with a meaning "foreigner, one who does not speak [Slavic]".

The English term Germans is only attested from the mid-16th century, based on the classical Latin term Germani used by Julius Caesar and later Tacitus. It gradually replaced Dutch and Almains, the latter becoming mostly obsolete by the early 18th century.[32][33]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Duitsers
العربية: ألمان
aragonés: Alemans
asturianu: Alemanes
azərbaycanca: Almanlar
تۆرکجه: آلمانلار
Bân-lâm-gú: Tek-kok-lâng
башҡортса: Немецтар
беларуская: Немцы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Немцы
български: Германци
Boarisch: Deitsche
bosanski: Nijemci
буряад: Германшууд
català: Alemanys
Чӑвашла: Нимĕçсем
čeština: Němci
Cymraeg: Almaenwyr
dansk: Tyskere
Deutsch: Deutsche
dolnoserbski: Nimc
eesti: Sakslased
Ελληνικά: Γερμανοί
español: Alemanes
Esperanto: Germanoj
euskara: Alemaniar
français: Allemands
Gaeilge: Gearmánaigh
galego: Pobo alemán
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tet-koet-ngìn
한국어: 독일인
հայերեն: Գերմանացիներ
hrvatski: Nijemci
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Jerman
italiano: Tedeschi
עברית: גרמנים
ქართული: გერმანელები
қазақша: Немістер
Kinyarwanda: Abadage
kurdî: Alman
Кыргызча: Немистер
latviešu: Vācieši
lietuvių: Vokiečiai
magyar: Németek
македонски: Германци
მარგალური: გერმანალეფი
Nederlands: Duitsers
日本語: ドイツ人
нохчийн: Немцой
norsk: Tyskere
norsk nynorsk: Tyskarar
олык марий: Немыч
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nemislar
پنجابی: جرمن لوک
português: Alemães
română: Germani
русиньскый: Німці
русский: Немцы
саха тыла: Ниэмэстэр
sardu: Tedescos
Scots: Germans
shqip: Gjermanët
Simple English: Germans
slovenčina: Nemci
slovenščina: Nemci
کوردی: ئاڵمانی
српски / srpski: Немци
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nemci
svenska: Tyskar
татарча/tatarça: Алманнар
тоҷикӣ: Олмонӣ
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᏂᏨᎹᏂ
Türkçe: Almanlar
українська: Німці
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نېمىسلار
Tiếng Việt: Người Đức
粵語: 德國人
Zazaki: Alman
žemaitėška: Vuokītē
中文: 德意志人