George Washington

  • george washington
    gilbert stuart williamstown portrait of george washington.jpg
    portrait based on the unfinished athenaeum portrait, by gilbert stuart, 1796
    1st president of the united states
    in office
    april 30, 1789[a] – march 4, 1797
    vice presidentjohn adams
    preceded byoffice established
    succeeded byjohn adams
    7th senior officer of the united states army
    in office
    july 13, 1798 – december 14, 1799
    presidentjohn adams
    preceded byjames wilkinson
    succeeded byalexander hamilton
    commander-in-chief of the continental army
    in office
    june 14, 1775 – december 23, 1783
    appointed bycontinental congress
    preceded byoffice established
    succeeded byhenry knox (as senior officer)
    delegate to the continental congress
    from virginia
    in office
    may 10, 1775 – june 15, 1775
    preceded byoffice established
    succeeded bythomas jefferson
    constituencysecond continental congress
    in office
    september 5, 1774 – october 26, 1774
    preceded byoffice established
    succeeded byoffice abolished
    constituencyfirst continental congress
    member of the
    virginia house of burgesses
    in office
    july 16, 1765[2] – may 6, 1776
    preceded byoffice established
    succeeded byoffice abolished
    constituencyfairfax county
    in office
    july 24, 1758 – may 18, 1765
    preceded bythomas swearingen
    succeeded bygeorge mercer
    constituencyfrederick county
    personal details
    born(1732-02-22)february 22, 1732
    popes creek, virginia, british america
    dieddecember 14, 1799(1799-12-14) (aged 67)
    mount vernon, virginia, u.s.
    resting placemount vernon
    political partyindependent
    spouse(s)
    martha dandridge (m. 1759)
    childrenjohn (adopted)
    patsy (adopted)
    parentsaugustine washington
    mary ball washington
    residencemount vernon
    awardscongressional gold medal
    thanks of congress[3]
    signaturecursive signature in ink
    military service
    allegiancekingdom of great britain
    united states of america
    branch/servicecolonial militia
    virginia regiment (provincial troops)
    continental army
    united states army
    years of service1752–58 (colonial forces)
    1775–83 (continental army)
    1798–99 (u.s. army)
    rankcolonel (colonial forces)
    general and commander in chief (continental army)
    lieutenant general (u.s. army)
    general of the armies (promoted posthumously in 1976 by congress)
    commandsvirginia regiment
    continental army
    united states army
    battles/warsfrench and indian war
     • battle of jumonville glen
     • battle of fort necessity
     • braddock expedition
     • battle of the monongahela
     • forbes expedition
    american revolutionary war
     • boston campaign
     • new york and new jersey campaign
     • philadelphia campaign
     • yorktown campaign
    northwest indian war
    whiskey rebellion

    george washington (february 22, 1732[b]december 14, 1799) was an american political leader, military general, statesman, and founding father who served as the first president of the united states from 1789 to 1797. previously, he led patriot forces to victory in the nation's war for independence. he presided at the constitutional convention of 1787, which established the u.s. constitution and a federal government. washington has been called the "father of his country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation.

    washington received his initial military training and command with the virginia regiment during the french and indian war. he was later elected to the virginia house of burgesses and was named a delegate to the continental congress, where he was appointed commanding general of the continental army. he commanded american forces, allied with france, in the defeat and surrender of the british during the siege of yorktown. he resigned his commission after the treaty of paris in 1783.

    washington played a key role in adopting and ratifying the constitution and was then elected president (twice) by the electoral college. he implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members thomas jefferson and alexander hamilton. during the french revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the jay treaty. he set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "president of the united states", and his farewell address is widely regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism.

    washington owned slaves, and in order to preserve national unity he supported measures passed by congress to protect slavery. he later became troubled with the institution of slavery and freed his slaves in a 1799 will. he endeavored to assimilate native americans into anglo-american culture but combated indigenous resistance during occasions of violent conflict. he was a member of the anglican church and the freemasons, and he urged broad religious freedom in his roles as general and president. upon his death, he was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen". he has been memorialized by monuments, art, geographical locations, stamps, and currency, and many scholars and polls rank him among the greatest u.s. presidents.

  • early life (1732–1752)
  • colonial military career (1752–1758)
  • marriage, civilian, and political life (1759–1775)
  • commander in chief (1775–1783)
  • early republic (1783–1789)
  • presidency (1789–1797)
  • retirement (1797–1799)
  • burial, net worth, and aftermath
  • personal life
  • slavery
  • historical reputation and legacy
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

George Washington
Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg
Portrait based on the unfinished Athenaeum Portrait, by Gilbert Stuart, 1796
1st President of the United States
In office
April 30, 1789[a] – March 4, 1797
Vice PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJohn Adams
7th Senior Officer of the United States Army
In office
July 13, 1798 – December 14, 1799
PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byJames Wilkinson
Succeeded byAlexander Hamilton
Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
In office
June 14, 1775 – December 23, 1783
Appointed byContinental Congress
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byHenry Knox (as Senior Officer)
Delegate to the Continental Congress
from Virginia
In office
May 10, 1775 – June 15, 1775
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byThomas Jefferson
ConstituencySecond Continental Congress
In office
September 5, 1774 – October 26, 1774
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
ConstituencyFirst Continental Congress
Member of the
Virginia House of Burgesses
In office
July 16, 1765[2] – May 6, 1776
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
ConstituencyFairfax County
In office
July 24, 1758 – May 18, 1765
Preceded byThomas Swearingen
Succeeded byGeorge Mercer
ConstituencyFrederick County
Personal details
Born(1732-02-22)February 22, 1732
Popes Creek, Virginia, British America
DiedDecember 14, 1799(1799-12-14) (aged 67)
Mount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.
Resting placeMount Vernon
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)
Martha Dandridge (m. 1759)
ChildrenJohn (adopted)
Patsy (adopted)
ParentsAugustine Washington
Mary Ball Washington
ResidenceMount Vernon
AwardsCongressional Gold Medal
Thanks of Congress[3]
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of Great Britain
United States of America
Branch/serviceColonial Militia
Virginia Regiment (Provincial troops)
Continental Army
United States Army
Years of service1752–58 (Colonial forces)
1775–83 (Continental Army)
1798–99 (U.S. Army)
RankColonel (Colonial forces)
General and Commander in Chief (Continental Army)
Lieutenant general (U.S. Army)
General of the Armies (promoted posthumously in 1976 by Congress)
CommandsVirginia Regiment
Continental Army
United States Army
Battles/warsFrench and Indian War
 • Battle of Jumonville Glen
 • Battle of Fort Necessity
 • Braddock Expedition
 • Battle of the Monongahela
 • Forbes Expedition
American Revolutionary War
 • Boston campaign
 • New York and New Jersey campaign
 • Philadelphia campaign
 • Yorktown campaign
Northwest Indian War
Whiskey Rebellion

George Washington (February 22, 1732[b]December 14, 1799) was an American political leader, military general, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Previously, he led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War for Independence. He presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which established the U.S. Constitution and a federal government. Washington has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation.

Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War. He was later elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was named a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he was appointed Commanding General of the Continental Army. He commanded American forces, allied with France, in the defeat and surrender of the British during the Siege of Yorktown. He resigned his commission after the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Washington played a key role in adopting and ratifying the Constitution and was then elected president (twice) by the Electoral College. He implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. During the French Revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the Jay Treaty. He set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "President of the United States", and his Farewell Address is widely regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism.

Washington owned slaves, and in order to preserve national unity he supported measures passed by Congress to protect slavery. He later became troubled with the institution of slavery and freed his slaves in a 1799 will. He endeavored to assimilate Native Americans into Anglo-American culture but combated indigenous resistance during occasions of violent conflict. He was a member of the Anglican Church and the Freemasons, and he urged broad religious freedom in his roles as general and president. Upon his death, he was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen". He has been memorialized by monuments, art, geographical locations, stamps, and currency, and many scholars and polls rank him among the greatest U.S. presidents.

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vepsän kel’: Vašington Džordž
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