George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle

The Duke of Albemarle
George Monck 1st Duke of Albemarle Studio of Lely.jpg
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle
(from Sir Peter Lely's studio Flagmen of Lowestoft series, circa 1665–66)
Born6 December 1608
Merton, England
Died3 January 1670(1670-01-03) (aged 61)
London, England
Allegiance
Service/branch English Army
Years of service1626–1660, 1665–1667
RankCaptain-general
Battles/wars
AwardsKnight of the Garter;
Baron Monck, Baron Beauchamp, Baron Teyes, Earl of Torrington, Duke of Albemarle (Peerage of England, 1660)
Arms of Monck of Potheridge: Gules a Chevron between three Lions' Heads erased Argent[1]

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.

Origins

Monck was born on 6 December 1608 at the family estate of Potheridge[2] in the parish of Merton, near Great Torrington, Devon, the second son of Sir Thomas Monck (1570–1627) one of the Members of Parliament for Camelford in 1626, a member of a landed gentry family of ancient origins but then-straitened financial circumstances.[3] Sir Thomas's wife and George's mother was Elizabeth Smith, a daughter by his first marriage of Sir George Smith (d. 1619) of Madworthy, near Exeter,[4] Devon, a merchant who served as a Member for Exeter in 1604, was three times Mayor of Exeter and the City of Exeter's richest citizen, being lord of 25 surrounding manors.[5] Elizabeth's sister Grace Smith was the wife of Sir Bevil Grenville[6] (1596–1643), of Bideford in Devon and Stowe, Kilkhampton in Cornwall, the Royalist soldier killed in action during the Civil War in heroic circumstances at the Battle of Lansdowne in 1643. Sir Bevil's son and heir, and thus George Monck's first cousin, was John Grenville, 1st Earl of Bath (1628–1701), a fellow supporter of the Restoration, whose elevation to the peerage was largely due to Monck's influence.[7]

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