George J. Mitchell

George Mitchell
George Mitchell in Tel Aviv July 26, 2009.jpg
United States Special Envoy for Middle East Peace
In office
January 22, 2009 – May 13, 2011
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded byTony Zinni (2003)
Succeeded byDavid Hale
Vice Chair of the 9/11 Commission
In office
November 27, 2002 – December 11, 2002[1]
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byLee H. Hamilton
Chancellor of the Queen's University, Belfast
In office
May 5, 1999 – March 29, 2009
Preceded byDavid Orr
Succeeded byKamalesh Sharma
United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 20, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byRichard N. Haass
Senate Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1995
Deputy
Preceded byRobert Byrd
Succeeded byBob Dole
Deputy President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1989
PresidentJohn C. Stennis
Preceded byHubert Humphrey (1978)
Succeeded byVacant
United States Senator
from Maine
In office
May 17, 1980 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byEdmund Muskie
Succeeded byOlympia Snowe
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maine
In office
October 5, 1979 – May 16, 1980
Appointed byJimmy Carter
Preceded bySeat established
Succeeded byConrad K. Cyr
United States Attorney for the District of Maine
In office
1977–1979
PresidentJimmy Carter
Preceded byPeter Mills
Succeeded byJames Brannigan
Personal details
BornGeorge John Mitchell Jr.
(1933-08-20) August 20, 1933 (age 84)
Waterville, Maine, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Sally Heath (m. 1961; div. 1987)
Heather MacLachlan (m. 1994)
Children3
EducationBowdoin College (BA)
Georgetown University (LLB)
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1954–1956
RankFirst Lieutenant
UnitCounterintelligence Corps

George John Mitchell Jr. (born August 20, 1933) is an American lawyer, businessman, author and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, Mitchell served as a United States Senator from Maine from 1980 to 1995 and as Senate Majority Leader from 1989 to 1995. He briefly served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maine from 1979 to 1980.

Since retiring from the Senate, Mitchell has taken up a variety of positions in politics and business. He has taken a leading role in negotiations for peace in Northern Ireland and the Middle East, being appointed United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland (1995–2001) by President Clinton and as United States Special Envoy for Middle East Peace (2009–2011) by President Barack Obama. He was a primary architect of the 1996 Mitchell Principles and the 1998 Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, and was the main investigator in two "Mitchell Reports", one on the Arab–Israeli conflict (2001) and one on the use of performance-enhancing drugs in baseball (2007).

Mitchell served as chairman of The Walt Disney Company from March 2004 until January 2007, and later as chairman of the international law firm DLA Piper. He was the Chancellor of Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, from 1999 to 2009. Mitchell also has served as a co-chair of the Housing Commission at the Bipartisan Policy Center.[2]

Early life

Origins

Mitchell was born in Waterville, Maine. His father, George John Mitchell, Sr. (born Joseph Kilroy), was of ethnic Irish descent but was adopted by a Lebanese family when he was orphaned.[3] Mitchell's father was a janitor at Colby College in Waterville, where Mitchell was raised. Mitchell's mother, Mary (née Saad), was a textile worker who emigrated to the United States in 1920 from Bkassine, Lebanon, at the age of eighteen. Because of his origin, Mitchell is recognized as a prominent Arab-American.[4]

Mitchell was raised a Maronite Catholic and in his childhood served as an altar boy at St. Joseph's Maronite Church in Maine.[5][6] Throughout junior high school and high school, Mitchell worked as a janitor.[7] In a family of five children, all three of Mitchell's brothers were athletes and though a talented student, as a child, he found himself overshadowed by his brothers' athletic achievements.[7]

Education and military service

After graduating from high school at the age of sixteen,[3] Mitchell attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, where he worked several jobs and played on the basketball team.[3] He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1954, intending to attend graduate school and then teach, but instead served in the United States Army from 1954 to 1956, rising to First Lieutenant. In 1961, Mitchell received his Bachelor of Laws from Georgetown University Law Center by attending its part-time program at night. He has since received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Bates College.

Other Languages
العربية: جورج ميتشل
تۆرکجه: جرج جی. میچل
български: Джордж Мичъл
한국어: 조지 J. 미첼
Nederlands: George Mitchell
português: George J. Mitchell
Simple English: George J. Mitchell
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: George J. Mitchell
татарча/tatarça: Джордж Митчелл
українська: Джордж Мітчелл