George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer
Custer Bvt MG Geo A 1865 LC-BH831-365-crop.jpg
George Armstrong Custer, circa 1865
Born(1839-12-05)December 5, 1839
New Rumley, Ohio, U.S.
DiedJune 25, 1876(1876-06-25) (aged 36)
Little Bighorn, Montana, U.S.
BuriedInitially on the battlefield;
Later reinterred in West Point Cemetery
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1876
RankUnion Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg Major General, USV
Commands heldMichigan Brigade
3rd Cavalry Division
2nd Cavalry Division
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

American Indian Wars

AwardsSee below
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Bacon Custer
RelationsThomas Custer, brother
Boston Custer, brother
James Calhoun, brother-in-law
SignatureGeorge Armstrong Custer signature.svg

George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars. Raised in Michigan and Ohio, Custer was admitted to West Point in 1857, where he graduated last in his class in 1861. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Custer was called to serve with the Union Army.

Custer developed a strong reputation during the Civil War. He participated in the first major engagement, the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, near Washington, D.C. His association with several important officers helped his career as did his success as a highly effective cavalry commander. Custer was brevetted to brigadier general at age 23, less than a week before the Battle of Gettysburg, where he personally led cavalry charges that prevented Confederate cavalry from attacking the Union rear in support of Pickett's Charge. He was wounded in the Battle of Culpeper Court House in Virginia on September 13, 1863. In 1864, Custer was awarded another star and brevetted to major general rank. At the conclusion of the Appomattox Campaign, in which he and his troops played a decisive role, Custer was present at General Robert E. Lee's surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant, on April 9, 1865.

After the Civil War, Custer remained a major general in the United States Volunteers until they were mustered out in February 1866. He reverted to his permanent rank of captain and was appointed a lieutenant colonel in the 7th Cavalry Regiment in July 1866. He was dispatched to the west in 1867 to fight in the American Indian Wars. On June 25, 1876, while leading the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory against a coalition of Native American tribes, he and all of his detachment—which included two of his brothers—were killed. The battle is been popularly known among EuropeanAmericans as "Custer's Last Stand"; Native Americans refer to it as the Battle of the Greasy Grass, based on their term for the site.

Family and ancestry

Custer's paternal immigrant ancestors, Paulus and Gertrude Küster, emigrated to the North American English colonies around 1693 from the Rhineland in Germany, probably among thousands of Palatine refugees whose passage was arranged by the English government to gain settlers in New York and Pennsylvania.[1][2]

According to family letters, Custer was named after George Armstrong, a minister, in his devout mother's hope that her son might join the clergy.[3]

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: George Armstrong Custer
Simple English: George Armstrong Custer
српски / srpski: Џорџ Кастер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: George Armstrong Custer
Tiếng Việt: George Armstrong Custer