Genoa

Genoa

Genova  (Italian)
Zêna  (Ligurian)
Comune di Genova
A collage of Genoa, clockwise from top left: Lighthouse of Genoa, Piazza De Ferrari, Galleria Mazzini, Brigata Liguria Street, view of San Teodoro from Port of Genoa
A collage of Genoa, clockwise from top left: Lighthouse of Genoa, Piazza De Ferrari, Galleria Mazzini, Brigata Liguria Street, view of San Teodoro from Port of Genoa
Coat of arms of Genoa
Coat of arms
Location of Genoa
Genoa is located in Italy
Genoa
Genoa
Location of Genoa in Liguria
Genoa is located in Liguria
Genoa
Genoa
Genoa (Liguria)
Coordinates: 44°24′40″N 8°55′58″E / 44°24′40″N 8°55′58″E / 44.41111; 8.93278UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
16121-16167
Dialing code010
010025
Patron saintwww.comune.genova.it
Official nameGenoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli
1211
Inscription2006 (30th Session)
Area15.777 ha (38.99 acres)
Buffer zone113 ha (280 acres)

Genoa (ə/ JEN-oh-ə; Italian: Genova [ˈdʒɛːnova] (About this soundlisten); Ligurian: Zêna [ˈzeːna]; English, historically, and Latin: Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits.[3] As of the 2011 Italian census, the Province of Genoa, which in 2015 became the Metropolitan City of Genoa,[4] counted 855,834 resident persons.[5] Over 1.5 million people live in the wider metropolitan area stretching along the Italian Riviera.[6]

Located on the Gulf of Genoa in the Ligurian Sea, Genoa has historically been one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean: it is currently the busiest in Italy and in the Mediterranean Sea and twelfth-busiest in the European Union.[7][8] Genoa has been nicknamed la Superba ("the proud one") due to its glorious past and impressive landmarks.[9] Part of the old town of Genoa was inscribed on the World Heritage List (UNESCO) in 2006 as Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli. The city's rich cultural history in art, music and cuisine allowed it to become the 2004 European Capital of Culture. It is the birthplace of Christopher Columbus, Andrea Doria, Niccolò Paganini, Giuseppe Mazzini, Renzo Piano and Grimaldo Canella, founder of the House of Grimaldi, among others.

Genoa, which forms the southern corner of the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle of Northwest Italy, is one of the country's major economic centers.[10][11] The city has hosted massive shipyards and steelworks since the 19th century, and its solid financial sector dates back to the Middle Ages. The Bank of Saint George, founded in 1407, is among the oldest in the world and has played an important role in the city's prosperity since the middle of the 15th century.[12][13] A number of leading Italian companies are based in the city, including Fincantieri, Selex ES,[14] Ansaldo Energia,[15] Ansaldo STS, Edoardo Raffinerie Garrone, Piaggio Aerospace, Mediterranean Shipping Company and Costa Cruises.

Flag

St. George's flag flying on the Doge's Palace in Genoa

The flag of Genoa is a St. George's Cross, a red cross on a white field.

Saint George has been the patriot of Genova since at least 958. Genoa also had a banner displaying a cross since at latest 1018, possibly as early as 1011 indeed the saint had his own flag, the vexillum beati Georgii (first mentioned 1098), a red flag showing George and the dragon. A depiction of this flag is shown in the Genoese annals under the year 1057. The Genoese flag with the red cross was used alongside this "Saint George's flag", from at least 1088, known as the insignia cruxata comunis Janue ("cross ensign of the commune of Genoa").

The saint's flag was the city's main war flag, but the cross flag was used alongside it in the 1240s.[16]

The Saint George's flag (i.e. the flag depicting the saint) remained the main flag of Genoa till today. The flag now known as the "St. George's Cross" seems to have replaced it as Genoa's main flag at some point during the 9th or 10th century.

The flag of England derives from the flag of Genoa.it was borrowed by the Doge to the british ships for the sole purpose of being identified when entering the Genoese ports during the crusaedes. The flag was later taken by the british back to the city london and used by the latter as its ensign and flag under a sp copyriht rent agreement with the Doge. [17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Genua
Alemannisch: Genua
አማርኛ: ጄኖቫ
العربية: جنوة
aragonés: Chenova
asturianu: Xénova
Aymar aru: Genova
azərbaycanca: Genuya
تۆرکجه: جینووا
বাংলা: জেনোভা
Bân-lâm-gú: Genoa
башҡортса: Генуя
беларуская: Генуя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Генуя
Bikol Central: Genoa
български: Генуа
bosanski: Genova
brezhoneg: Genova
català: Gènova
čeština: Janov (Itálie)
corsu: Gènuva
Cymraeg: Genova
dansk: Genova
Deutsch: Genua
eesti: Genova
Ελληνικά: Γένοβα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Zêna
español: Génova
Esperanto: Ĝenovo
estremeñu: Génova
euskara: Genova
فارسی: جنوآ
français: Gênes
furlan: Gjenue
Gaeilge: Genova
Gàidhlig: Genova
galego: Xénova
한국어: 제노바
Hausa: Genoa
հայերեն: Ջենովա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Գենուա
हिन्दी: जेनोआ
hornjoserbsce: Genua
hrvatski: Genova
Ido: Genova
Bahasa Indonesia: Genova
interlingua: Genua
Ирон: Генуя
íslenska: Genúa
italiano: Genova
עברית: ג'נובה
Jawa: Genova
ქართული: გენუა
қазақша: Генуя
Kiswahili: Genova
коми: Генуя
Кыргызча: Генуя
Latina: Genua
latviešu: Dženova
Lëtzebuergesch: Genua
lietuvių: Genuja
Ligure: Zena
lumbaart: Genua
magyar: Genova
मराठी: जेनोवा
მარგალური: გენუა
مصرى: جينوا
Bahasa Melayu: Genoa
монгол: Женова
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျီနိုအာမြို့
Nederlands: Genua (stad)
日本語: ジェノヴァ
Napulitano: Genova
нохчийн: Генуя
Nordfriisk: Genua
norsk: Genova
norsk nynorsk: Genova
occitan: Gènoa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Genuya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੇਨੋਆ
پنجابی: جینوآ
Papiamentu: Genova
Piemontèis: Génoa
polski: Genua
português: Génova
Ripoarisch: Genua
română: Genova
Runa Simi: Genova
русский: Генуя
संस्कृतम्: जेनोवा
sardu: Gènova
Scots: Genoa
shqip: Gjenova
sicilianu: Gènuva
Simple English: Genoa
slovenčina: Janov (Taliansko)
slovenščina: Genova
ślůnski: Genova
српски / srpski: Ђенова
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Genova
suomi: Genova
svenska: Genua
Tagalog: Genova
தமிழ்: செனோவா
tarandíne: Genova
татарча/tatarça: Җенова
ไทย: เจนัว
тоҷикӣ: Генуя
Türkçe: Cenova
Twi: Genova
українська: Генуя
vèneto: Genoa
vepsän kel’: Genui
Tiếng Việt: Genova
Volapük: Genova
文言: 熱那亞
West-Vlams: Genua
Winaray: Genova
吴语: 热那亚
粵語: 熱那亞
Zeêuws: Genua
中文: 热那亚