Geneva

Geneva
Genève
Top left: Palace of Nations, Middle left: ATLAS experiment at CERN, Right: Jet d'Eau, Bottom: View over Geneva and the lake.
Top left: Palace of Nations, Middle left: ATLAS experiment at CERN, Right: Jet d'Eau, Bottom: View over Geneva and the lake.
Coat of arms of GenevaGenève
Coat of arms
GenevaGenève is located in Switzerland
GenevaGenève
Geneva
Genève
GenevaGenève is located in Canton of Geneva
GenevaGenève
Geneva
Genève
Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200; 6.150
Country Switzerland
Canton Geneva
District N/A
Government
 •  Executive Conseil administratif
with 5 members
 •  Mayor Maire  (list)
Esther Alder  GPS/PES
(as of 2015)
 •  Parliament Conseil municipal
with 80 members
Area [1]
 • Total 15.93 km2 (6.15 sq mi)
Elevation (Pont du Mont Blanc) 375 m (1,230 ft)
Highest elevation (Chemin du Pommier) 457 m (1,499 ft)
Lowest elevation (Le Rhône) 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (Dec 2016 [2])
 • Total 198,979
 • Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Genevan
French: Genevois(e)
Postal code 1200
SFOS number 6621
Surrounded by Carouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Veyrier
Website ville-geneve.ch
SFSO statistics

Geneva ( ə/, French: Genève [ʒənɛv], Arpitan: Genèva [dzəˈnɛva], German: Genf [ɡɛnf], Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva.

The municipality (ville de Genève) has a population (as of December 2016) of 198,979, and the canton (which is essentially the city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 489,524 residents. [2] In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. [3] Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.26 million.[ citation needed] This area is essentially spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area ( Vevey, Montreux) and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, in the neighbouring canton of Vaud.

Geneva is a global city, a financial center, and worldwide center for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United Nations [4] and the Red Cross. [5] Geneva is the city that hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world. [6] It is also the place where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war.

In 2017 Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich, Frankfurt and Luxembourg. [7] A 2009 survey by Mercer found that Geneva has the third-highest quality of life of any city in the world (behind Vienna and Zürich for expatriates; it is narrowly outranked by Zürich). [8] The city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis[ citation needed] and the "Peace Capital". [9] In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the seventh most expensive city in the world. [10]

Toponym

The city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava, [11] probably from a Celtic toponym *genawa- from the stem *genu- ("bend, knee"), in the sense of a bending river or estuary. [12]

The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis (also Gebennensis), after 1400 becoming the Genevois province of Savoy (albeit not extending to the city proper, until the Reformation the seat of the bishop of Geneva). [13]

The name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva ə/ in English, French: Genève [ʒ(ə)nɛv], [14] German: Genf [ˈɡɛnf], Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], and Romansh: Genevra.

The city in origin shares its name, *genawa "estuary", with the Italian port city of Genoa (in Italian Genova). [12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Genève
Akan: Geneva
Alemannisch: Genf
አማርኛ: ዠኔቭ
Ænglisc: Genf
العربية: جنيف
aragonés: Chinevra
arpetan: Geneva (vela)
asturianu: Xinebra (ciudá)
Avañe'ẽ: Ginebra
авар: Женева
azərbaycanca: Cenevrə
تۆرکجه: ژنو
বাংলা: জেনেভা
Bân-lâm-gú: Genève
беларуская: Жэнева
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жэнэва
български: Женева
Boarisch: Genf
བོད་ཡིག: ཀྲེ་ནེ་ཝ།
bosanski: Ženeva
brezhoneg: Geneva
català: Ginebra
Чӑвашла: Женева
čeština: Ženeva
corsu: Ginevra
Cymraeg: Genefa
dansk: Genève
Deutsch: Genf
eesti: Genf
Ελληνικά: Γενεύη
español: Ginebra
Esperanto: Ĝenevo
estremeñu: Ginebra
euskara: Geneva
فارسی: ژنو
Fiji Hindi: Geneva
français: Genève
Frysk: Sjenêve
Gaeilge: Geneva
Gàidhlig: Geneva
한국어: 제네바
Հայերեն: Ժնև
हिन्दी: जिनेवा
hrvatski: Ženeva
Bahasa Indonesia: Jenewa
Ирон: Женевæ
isiXhosa: EGeneva
íslenska: Genf
italiano: Ginevra
עברית: ז'נבה
Basa Jawa: Jenéwa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಿನಿವಾ
ქართული: ჟენევა
kaszëbsczi: Genf
қазақша: Женева
Kiswahili: Geneva
коми: Женева
Kurdî: Cenevre
Кыргызча: Женева
Latina: Genava
latviešu: Ženēva
Lëtzebuergesch: Genf
lietuvių: Ženeva
la .lojban.: tcadrjenevu
lumbaart: Ginevra
magyar: Genf
македонски: Женева
മലയാളം: ജനീവ
मराठी: जिनीव्हा
مصرى: چينيڤ
Bahasa Melayu: Geneva
монгол: Женев
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျနီဗာမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Genève
Nederlands: Genève (stad)
日本語: ジュネーヴ
Napulitano: Ginevra
нохчийн: Женева
Nordfriisk: Genf
norsk: Genève
norsk nynorsk: Genève
occitan: Genèva
олык марий: Женеве
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Jeneva
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਨੇਵਾ
پنجابی: جنیوا
Picard: Genève
Piemontèis: Gëneva
Plattdüütsch: Genf
polski: Genewa
português: Genebra
Qaraqalpaqsha: Jeneva
română: Geneva
rumantsch: Genevra
Runa Simi: Genève
русский: Женева
संस्कृतम्: जिनीवा
sardu: Ginevra
Scots: Geneva
shqip: Gjeneva
sicilianu: Ginevra (cità)
Simple English: Geneva
slovenčina: Ženeva
slovenščina: Ženeva
ślůnski: Genève
Soomaaliga: Jineefa
српски / srpski: Женева
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ženeva
suomi: Geneve
svenska: Genève
Tagalog: Geneva
தமிழ்: ஜெனீவா
татарча/tatarça: Женева
тоҷикӣ: Женева
Türkçe: Cenevre
українська: Женева
اردو: جنیوا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Jenwe
vèneto: Zenevra
vepsän kel’: Ženev
Tiếng Việt: Genève
Volapük: Genève
walon: Djineve
Winaray: Geneva
吴语: 极乃伐
ייִדיש: גענף
Yorùbá: Geneva
粵語: 日內瓦
中文: 日内瓦
डोटेली: जेनेभा
Kabɩyɛ: Zeenɛɛvɩ