Genève (Canton of Geneva) Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200; 6.150 Country Switzerland Canton Geneva District N/A Government • Executive Conseil administratif with 5 members • Mayor Maire (list) Esther Alder GPS/PES (as of 2015) • Parliament Conseil municipal with 80 members Area  • Total 15.92 km 2 (6.15 sq mi) Elevation (Pont du Mont Blanc) 375 m (1,230 ft) Highest elevation (Chemin du Pommier) 457 m (1,499 ft) Lowest elevation (Le Rhône) 370 m (1,210 ft) Population (Dec 2016 )  • Total 198,979 • Density 12,000/km 2 (32,000/sq mi) Demonym(s) Genevan : French Genevois(e) Postal code 1200, or 1201–09 Genève, 1213 Petit-Lancy, 1227 Les Arcacias SFOS number 6621 Surrounded by , Carouge , Chêne-Bougeries , Cologny , Lancy , Grand-Saconnex , Pregny-Chambésy , Vernier Veyrier Website ville-geneve .ch SFSO statistics Geneva ( /, : French Genève , [ʒənɛv] : Arpitan Genèva , [dzəˈnɛva] : German Genf , [ɡɛnf] : Italian Ginevra , [dʒiˈneːvra] : Romansh ) is the Genevra city in second-most populous (after Switzerland ) and the most populous city of the Zürich , the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Romandy exits Rhône , it is the capital of the Lake Geneva . Republic and Canton of Geneva
(ville de Genève) has a population (as of December 2016 ) of 198,979, and the (essentially the city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 489,524 residents. canton In 2014, the compact  agglomération du had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. Grand Genève Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "  Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.26 million.  This area is essentially spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area (  , Vevey ) and north-east towards Montreux , in the neighbouring canton of Yverdon-les-Bains . Vaud
Geneva is a
, a financial centre, and worldwide centre for global city due to the presence of numerous diplomacy , including the headquarters of many agencies of the international organizations United Nations and the  . Red Cross Geneva hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world.  It is also where the  were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and Geneva Conventions . prisoners of war
In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important
for competitiveness by the financial centre , fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich, Frankfurt and Luxembourg. Global Financial Centres Index A 2009 survey by  found that Geneva has the third-highest Mercer of any city in the world (behind quality of life and Vienna for expatriates; it is narrowly outranked by Zürich). Zürich The city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis  and the "Peace Capital".  In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the seventh  in the world. most expensive city Geneva was ranked third in  in a global cities ranking by purchasing power in 2018. UBS 
The city was mentioned in
texts, by Latin , with the spelling Genava, probably from the  Celtic *genawa- from the stem *genu- ("bend, knee"), in the sense of a bending river or . estuary
in county of Geneva was known as Middle Latin pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis (also Gebennensis), after 1400 becoming the province of Genevois (albeit not extending to the city proper, until the Savoy of the seat of the Reformation ). bishop of Geneva
The name takes various forms in modern languages,
Geneva / in English, : French Genève , [ʒ(ə)nɛv]  : German Genf [ˈɡɛnf] (, ) listen : Italian Ginevra , and [dʒiˈneːvra] : Romansh .
The city in origin shares its name,
*genawa "estuary", with the Italian port city of (in Italian Genoa Genova).
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски:
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: