Ganymede (mythology)

The Abduction of Ganymede (ca. 1650), by Eustache Le Sueur

In Greek mythology, Ganymede or Ganymedes (d/;[1] d/;[2] Ancient Greek: Γανυμήδης Ganymēdēs) is a divine hero whose homeland was Troy. Homer describes Ganymede as the most beautiful of mortals, and in one version of the myth Zeus falls in love with his beauty and abducts him in the form of an eagle to serve as cup-bearer in Olympus.

[Ganymedes] was the loveliest born of the race of mortals, and therefore
the gods caught him away to themselves, to be Zeus' wine-pourer,
for the sake of his beauty, so he might be among the immortals.

— Homer, Iliad, Book XX, lines 233-235.[3]

The myth was a model for the Greek social custom of paiderastía, the socially acceptable romantic relationship between an adult male and an adolescent male. The Latin form of the name was Catamitus (and also "Ganymedes"), from which the English word "catamite" is derived.[4]

Family

Ganymede was the son of Tros of Dardania,[5][6][7] from whose name "Troy" was supposedly derived, either by his wife Callirrhoe, daughter of the river god Scamander, [8][9][10] or Acallaris, daughter of Eumedes.[11] He was the brother of Ilus, Assaracus, Cleopatra and Cleomestra[12].

The traditions about Ganymedes, however, differ greatly in their detail, for some call him a son of Laomedon[13][14], others a son of Ilus[15], in some version of Dardanus[16] and others, again, of Erichthonius[17] or Assaracus[18].

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF GANYMEDE'S FAMILY
Relation Names Sources
Homer Homeric Hymns Euripides Diodorus Cicero Dionysius Apollodorus Hyginus Dictys Clement Suda Tzetzes
Parentage Tros
Laomedon
Tros and Acallaris
Tros and Callirhoe
Erichthonius
Assaracus
Dardanus
Ilus
Siblings Ilus
Assaracus
Cleopatra
Cleomestra
Other Languages
Alemannisch: Ganymedes
العربية: غانيمادس
башҡортса: Ганимед
беларуская: Ганімед
Boarisch: Ganymed
brezhoneg: Ganymedes
čeština: Ganymédés
eesti: Ganymedes
فارسی: گانومده
français: Ganymède
한국어: 가니메데스
հայերեն: Գանիմեդես
Bahasa Indonesia: Ganimede
íslenska: Ganymedes
עברית: גנימדס
Latina: Ganymedes
Lëtzebuergesch: Ganymed (Mythologie)
lietuvių: Ganimedas
la .lojban.: .ganymidis.
Malagasy: Ganymède
മലയാളം: ഗാനിമിഡെ
мокшень: Ганимед
português: Ganímedes
русский: Ганимед
Simple English: Ganymede (mythology)
slovenčina: Ganymédes
slovenščina: Ganimed
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ganimed (mitologija)
svenska: Ganymedes
українська: Ганімед