Gangwon Province, South Korea

Gangwon
강원도
Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑ReischauerKangwŏndo
 • Revised RomanizationGangwon-do
Flag of Gangwon
Flag
Official logo of Gangwon
Logo
Location of Gangwon
CountrySouth Korea
RegionGwandong
(Yeongseo: western Gangwon; Yeongdong: eastern Gangwon)
CapitalChuncheon
Subdivisions7 cities; 11 counties
Government
 • GovernorChoi Moon-soon (Democratic)
Area
 • Total16,875 km2 (6,515 sq mi)
Population (April, 2016[2])
 • Total1,564,615[1]
 • Density90/km2 (200/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • FlowerRoyal azalea
 • TreeKorean pine
 • BirdRed-crowned crane
ISO 3166 codeKR-42
DialectGangwon
(Yeongseo: western Gangwon dialect; Yeongdong: eastern Gangwon dialect)
Websitegwd.go.kr

Gangwon-do (Korean pronunciation: [kaŋ.wʌn.do]) is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon. It is bounded on the east part by the East Sea, and borders Gyeonggi Province to its west, and North Gyeongsang Province and North Chungcheong Province to its south. Its northern boundary is the Military Demarcation Line, separating it from North Korea's Kangwŏn Province. Before the division of Korea in 1945 Gangwon and Kangwŏn formed a single province. Pyeongchang County hosted the 2018 Winter Olympics and 2018 Winter Paralympics.

History

Gangwon-do was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. The province was formed in 1395, and derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung (강릉; 江陵) and the provincial capital Wonju (원주; 原州).

In 1895 Gangwon-do was replaced by the Districts of Chuncheon (Chuncheon-bu; 춘천부; 春川府) in the west and Gangneung (Gangneung-bu; 강릉부; 江陵府) in the east. (Wonju became part of Chungju District.)

In 1896 Korea was redivided into thirteen provinces, and the two districts were merged to re-form Gangwon-do Province. Although Wonju rejoined Gangwon-do province, the provincial capital was moved to Chuncheon, where it remains today.

In 1945 Gangwon-do (along with the rest of Korea) was divided by the 38th parallel north in 1945 into American and Soviet zones of occupation in the south and north respectively, which led to Wonsan joining the province's northern half in 1946 to serve as its administrative center. In 1948, the southern half of the province became part of the new Republic of Korea. As a result of the Korean War Armistice Agreement of 1953, the boundary between the South and North Korean portions of the province was shifted northward to the Military Demarcation Line.

Other Languages
Acèh: Gangwon
български: Кануън-до
català: Gangwon-do
Cebuano: Gangwon-do
dansk: Gangwon
Deutsch: Gangwon-do
español: Gangwon
euskara: Gangwon
français: Gangwon
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gangwon Tho (Nàm Hòn)
한국어: 강원도 (남)
հայերեն: Գանգվոն
Bahasa Indonesia: Gangwon (Korea Selatan)
italiano: Gangwon
Kiswahili: Gangwon-do
lumbaart: Gangwon-do
Bahasa Melayu: Gangwon
Nederlands: Gangwon-do
日本語: 江原道 (南)
Nordfriisk: Gangwon-do
norsk: Gangwon
português: Gangwon
română: Gangwon-do
Simple English: Gangwon (South Korea)
svenska: Gangwon
தமிழ்: கங்வொன்
Türkçe: Gangwon
Tiếng Việt: Gangwon (Hàn Quốc)