GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development

GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development

  • Georgian: დემოკრატიისა და ეკონომიკური განვითარების ორგანიზაცია სუამი
  • Ukrainian: ГУАМ Організація за демократію та економічний розвиток
  • Azerbaijani: GUAM Demokratiya və İqtisadi İnkişaf naminə Təşkilat
  • Romanian: GUAM Organizaţia pentru Democraţie şi Dezvoltare Economică
Logo of GUAM
GUAM members in red
GUAM members in red
HeadquartersUkraine Kiev, Ukraine
Official language
Member states
• Secretary General
Altai Efendiev
• Consultative forum
10 October 1997
• Charter signed
June 2001
• Total
810,506 km2 (312,938 sq mi)
• 2018 estimate
55 million[2]
• Density
72/km2 (186.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$640 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$205 billion[3]
• Per capita

The GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development is a regional organization of four post-Soviet states: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.


GUAM's charter was signed during a summit in Yalta on 6 to 7 June 2001 by the four current members and Uzbekistan, which later withdrew. According to the former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko the charter set objectives for cooperation, such as promoting democratic values, ensuring stable development, enhancing international and regional security and stepping up European integration.[4] Moldova's 2000 elections were won by the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova who subsequently realigned their foreign policy towards Europe shortly before the parliamentary election held in March 2005.

In June 2007, GUAM nations agreed to form a 500-personnel joint peacekeeping force to battle separatism.[5]

Given the existence of the Russian-led Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), GUAM is sometimes seen in Russia as a way of countering the Russian influence in the area and as part of a strategy backed by the United States.[6] However, GUAM leaders repeatedly and officially dismiss such claims and declare their strong willingness to develop close friendly relations with Russia. Moreover, Azerbaijan, the group's main energy power, has managed to avoid any conflicts with Russia in recent years.

In 2014, the group moved to use English instead of Russian as a working language at its meetings.[7]

Other Languages
asturianu: GUAM
azərbaycanca: GUAM
башҡортса: ГУАМ
беларуская: ГУАМ (арганізацыя)
català: GUAM
čeština: GUAM
Deutsch: GUAM
eesti: GUAM
español: GUAM
Esperanto: GUUAM
Gagauz: GUAM
հայերեն: ՎՈւԱՄ
ქართული: სუამი
Latina: GUAM
latviešu: GUAM
magyar: GUAM
Nederlands: GUAM
日本語: GUAM
norsk: GUAM
norsk nynorsk: GUAM
polski: GUAM
română: GUAM
русский: ГУАМ
slovenčina: GUAM
српски / srpski: ГУАМ
suomi: GUAM
svenska: GUAM
українська: ГУАМ