Fuzhou dialect

Fuzhou dialect
福州話 / Hók-ciŭ-uâ
福州語 / Hók-ciŭ-ngṳ̄
平話 / Bàng-uâ
Pronunciation[huʔ˨˩ tsiu˥˧ uɑ˨˦˨]
Native toChina (Fuzhou and its surrounding counties) and Taiwan (Matsu Islands), Thailand (Chandi Town and Lamae), Singapore, Malaysia (Sibu, Miri, Sepang, Bintulu, Yong Peng, Sitiawan and Ayer Tawar) and Indonesia (Semarang and Surabaya), as well as some other Chinese communities in Southeast Asia and in the West, particularly in the Chinatowns of New York City.
EthnicityFuzhounese (Han Chinese)
Native speakers
< 10 million[citation needed]
Sino-Tibetan
Early forms
Chinese characters and Foochow Romanized
Official status
Official language in
none
Recognised minority
language in
one of the statutory languages for public transport announcements in the Matsu Islands, Republic of China[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6fzho
Glottologfuzh1239[2]
Fuzhou language map.jpg
Fuzhou dialect in Fujian Province, regions where the standard form is spoken are deep blue.
1: Fuzhou City Proper, 2: Minhou, 3: Fuqing, 4: Lianjiang, 5: Pingnan
6: Luoyuan, 7: Gutian, 8: Minqing, 9: Changle, 10: Yongtai, 11: Pingtan
12: Regions in Fuding, 13: Regions in Xiapu, 14: Regions in Ningde
15: Regions in Nanping, 16: Regions in Youxi
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Fuzhounese
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Everyday language
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

The Fuzhou dialect, (simplified Chinese: 福州话; traditional Chinese: 福州話; pinyin: Fúzhōuhuà; FR: About this sound Hók-ciŭ-uâ ) also Fuzhounese, Foochow or Hok-chiu, is the prestige variety of the Eastern Min branch of Min Chinese spoken mainly in the Mindong region of eastern Fujian province. Like many other varieties of Chinese, the Fuzhou dialect is dominated by monosyllabic morphemes which carry lexical tones,[3] and has a mainly analytic syntax. While the Eastern Min branch that it belongs to is closer to Southern Min than to other Sinitic branches such as Mandarin or Hakka, they are still not mutually intelligible.

Centered in Fuzhou City, the Fuzhou dialect covers eleven cities and counties: Fuzhou City Proper, Pingnan, Gutian, Luoyuan, Minqing, Lianjiang (including Matsu), Minhou, Changle, Yongtai, Fuqing and Pingtan. It is also the second local language in many northern and middle Fujian cities and counties such as Nanping, Shaowu, Shunchang, Sanming and Youxi.[4]

Fuzhou dialect is also widely spoken in some regions abroad, especially in Southeastern Asian countries like Malaysia and Indonesia. The city of Sibu in Malaysia is called "New Fuzhou" due to the influx of immigrants there in the late 19th century and early 1900s. Similarly, quite a significant number of Fuzhounese have emigrated to Singapore, Taiwan, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand in the decades since China's economic reform.

Name

In older works, the variety is called "Foochow dialect", based on the Chinese postal romanization of Fuzhou. In Chinese, it is sometimes called 福州語 (Hók-ciŭ-ngṳ̄; pinyin: Fúzhōuyǔ). Native speakers also refer to it as Bàng-uâ (平話), meaning "the everyday language."

In Singapore and Malaysia, it is often referred to as "Hokchiu" ([hɔk̚˥t͡ɕiu˦]), which is the pronunciation of Fuzhou in the Southern Min Hokkien language, or "Huchiu" ([hu˨˩t͡ɕiu˥]), which is the pronunciation of Fuzhou in the Eastern Min language of Fuzhou itself. Eastern Min and Southern Min are both spoken in the same Fujian province, but the name Hokkien, while etymologically derived from the same characters as Fujian (福建), is used in Southeast Asia and the English press to refer specifically to Southern Min, which has a larger number of speakers both within Fujian and in the Chinese diaspora of Southeast Asia.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Hok-chiu-ōe
español: Dialecto fuzhou
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fuk-chû-fa
Bahasa Indonesia: Dialek Fuzhou
Bahasa Melayu: Loghat Fuzhou
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hók-ciŭ-uâ
日本語: 福州語
norsk: Fuzhouhua
português: Língua fuzhou
文言: 福州話
粵語: 福州話
中文: 福州話