Fula people

Fulani, Fula
Total population
c. 20–25 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Sudan, Chad, Mauritania
 Sierra Leone7,075,641
 Burkina Faso1,639,052[6]
Fula, Arabic (Sudanese Arabic, Chadian Arabic), French, Portuguese, English
Related ethnic groups
Hausa, Kanuri, Toucouleur
LanguagePulaar (West), Fulfulde (East)

The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fula: Fulɓe; French: Peul; Hausa: Fulani or Hilani; Portuguese: Fula; Wolof: Pël; Bambara: Fulaw), numbering between 20 and 25 million people in total,[9] are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.[10] The Fula people are traditionally believed to have roots stemming from North Africa and the Middle East, who later intermingled with local West African ethnic groups. As an ethnic group, they are bound together by the Fula language and their Islamic religious affiliation,[11] their history[10][12][13] and their culture.

A significant proportion of the Fula – a third, or an estimated 7 to 8 million[9] – are pastoralists, making them the ethnic group with the largest nomadic pastoral community in the world.[11][14] The majority of the Fula ethnic group consisted of semi-sedentary people[14] as well as sedentary settled farmers, artisans, merchants and nobility.[15] Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa, but also in Chad, Sudan and regions near the Red Sea.[16]

Many Fulbe were taken captive to the Americas from the 16th through the 19th century as part of the Atlantic slave trade. They were largely captured from Senegal and Guinea, with a significant percentage also taken from Mali and Cameroon. Some Fulbe of note abducted into slavery were Bilali Muhammad, Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, Salih Bilali, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori, and Omar ibn Said. Some of Bilali Muhammad's known descendants still live on Sapelo Island, Georgia, United States, and he also left descendants in the Lucayan Archipelago. Abdul-Rahman and many others likewise have many descendants across the Americas both as a result of their own destinations and as a consequence of continued trading in human life after initial abductions from Africa.

Fulani couple in folk costume


A Bodaado (singular of Wadaabe) Fula man

There are many names (and spellings of the names) used in other languages to refer to the Fulɓe. Fulani in English is borrowed from the Hausa term.[17] Fula, from Manding languages, is also used in English, and sometimes spelled Fulah or Fullah. Fula and Fulani are commonly used in English, including within Africa. The French borrowed the Wolof term Pël, which is variously spelled: Peul, Peulh, and even Peuhl. More recently the Fulfulde / Pulaar term Fulɓe, which is a plural noun (singular, Pullo) has been Anglicised as Fulbe,[18] which some people use. In Portuguese, the terms Fula or Futafula are used. The terms Fallata Fallatah or Fellata are of Kanuri origins, and are often the ethnonyms by which Fulani people are identified by in Sudan.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fula (volk)
العربية: شعب الفولاني
asturianu: Fulani
تۆرکجه: فولانی‌لر
беларуская: Фульбэ
български: Фулбе
català: Fulbe
čeština: Fulbové
dansk: Fulaniere
Deutsch: Fulbe
eesti: Fulbed
español: Fulani
Esperanto: Fulboj
euskara: Fula etnia
français: Peuls
Fulfulde: Pullo
galego: Pobo fula
한국어: 풀라인
Հայերեն: Ֆուլբե
हिन्दी: फ़ुला लोग
hrvatski: Fulbe
Bahasa Indonesia: Fula
italiano: Fulani
ქართული: ფულბე
кырык мары: Фульбевлӓ
Latina: Fula
lietuvių: Fulbiai
magyar: Fulbék
मैथिली: फुला लोग
Nederlands: Fulbe
नेपाली: फुला मानिस
日本語: フラニ族
norsk: Fulani
norsk nynorsk: Fulaniar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fula
polski: Fulbe
português: Fulas
русский: Фульбе
Scots: Fula fowk
Simple English: Fulani people
српски / srpski: Фулани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fulbe
suomi: Fulbet
svenska: Fulani
Türkçe: Pöller
українська: Фульбе
Tiếng Việt: Người Fula
Wolof: Pël
中文: 富拉尼人