|c. 20–25 million
|Regions with significant populations
|Related ethnic groups
||Pulaar (West), Fulfulde (East)
The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (
Fula: Fulɓe; French: Peul;
Hausa: Fulani or Hilani; Portuguese: Fula;
Bambara: Fulaw), numbering between 20 and 25 million people in total,
 are one of the largest ethnic groups in the
West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.
 The Fula people are traditionally believed to have roots in peoples from
North Africa and the
Middle East, who later intermingled with local West African ethnic groups. As an ethnic group, they are bound together by the
Fula language and their
Islamic religious affiliation,
 their history
 and their culture.
A significant proportion of the Fula – a third, or an estimated 7 to 8 million
 – are
pastoralists, making them the ethnic group with the largest
nomadic pastoral community in the world.
 The majority of the Fula ethnic group consisted of semi-sedentary people
 as well as sedentary settled farmers, artisans, merchants and nobility.
 Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in
West Africa and northern parts of
Central Africa, but also in
Sudan and regions near the
Many Fulbe were taken captive to the
Americas from the 16th through the 19th century as part of the
Atlantic slave trade. They were largely captured from
Guinea, with a significant percentage also taken from
Cameroon. Some Fulbe of note abducted into slavery were
Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, Salih Bilali,
Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori, and
Omar ibn Said. Some of Bilali Muhammad's known descendants still live on
Georgia, United States, and he also left descendants in the
Lucayan Archipelago. Abdul-Rahman and many others likewise have many descendants across the Americas both as a result of their own destinations and as a consequence of continued trading in human life after initial abductions from Africa.