Fruit

A large variety of fruits displayed at a market
The Medici citrus collection by Bartolomeo Bimbi, 1715

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food.[1] Accordingly, fruits account for a substantial fraction of the world's agricultural output, and some (such as the apple and the pomegranate) have acquired extensive cultural and symbolic meanings.

In common language usage, "fruit" normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in the raw state, such as apples, bananas, grapes, lemons, oranges, and strawberries. On the other hand, in botanical usage, "fruit" includes many structures that are not commonly called "fruits", such as bean pods, corn kernels, tomatoes, and wheat grains.[2][3] The section of a fungus that produces spores is also called a fruiting body.[4]

Botanic fruit and culinary fruit

Venn diagram representing the relationship between (culinary) vegetables and botanical fruits[citation needed]

Many common terms for seeds and fruit do not correspond to the botanical classifications. In culinary terminology, a fruit is usually any sweet-tasting plant part, especially a botanical fruit; a nut is any hard, oily, and shelled plant product; and a vegetable is any savory or less sweet plant product.[5] However, in botany, a fruit is the ripened ovary or carpel that contains seeds, a nut is a type of fruit and not a seed, and a seed is a ripened ovule.[6]

Examples of culinary "vegetables" and nuts that are botanically fruit include corn, cucurbits (e.g., cucumber, pumpkin, and squash), eggplant, legumes (beans, peanuts, and peas), sweet pepper, and tomato. In addition, some spices, such as allspice and chili pepper, are fruits, botanically speaking.[6] In contrast, rhubarb is often referred to as a fruit, because it is used to make sweet desserts such as pies, though only the petiole (leaf stalk) of the rhubarb plant is edible,[7] and edible gymnosperm seeds are often given fruit names, e.g., ginkgo nuts and pine nuts.

Botanically, a cereal grain, such as corn, rice, or wheat, is also a kind of fruit, termed a caryopsis. However, the fruit wall is very thin and is fused to the seed coat, so almost all of the edible grain is actually a seed.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vrug
Alemannisch: Frucht
አማርኛ: ፍራፍሬ
العربية: ثمرة
aragonés: Fruito
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܒܐ (ܦܐܪܐ)
armãneashti: Fructu
asturianu: Frutu
Atikamekw: Ciwominan
Avañe'ẽ: Yva
Aymar aru: Achu
azərbaycanca: Meyvə
تۆرکجه: میوه
বাংলা: ফল
Bân-lâm-gú: Kóe-chí
Basa Banyumasan: Uwoh
башҡортса: Емеш
беларуская: Плод
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Плод
भोजपुरी: फल
Bislama: Grapes
български: Плод
Boarisch: Frucht
བོད་ཡིག: ཤིང་ཏོག
bosanski: Plod
brezhoneg: Frouezh
буряад: Жэмэс
català: Fruit
čeština: Plod (botanika)
Chamoru: Inasahan
chiShona: Muchero
Cymraeg: Ffrwyth
dansk: Frugt
davvisámegiella: Šattus
Deutsch: Frucht
dolnoserbski: Płod
डोटेली: फल
eesti: Vili
Ελληνικά: Καρπός
эрзянь: Марть
español: Fruto
Esperanto: Frukto
euskara: Fruitu
فارسی: میوه
føroyskt: Fruktir
Gaeilge: Toradh
Gàidhlig: Meas
galego: Froito
贛語: 水果
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Súi-kó
хальмг: Земш
한국어: 열매
հայերեն: Պտուղ
हिन्दी: फल
hornjoserbsce: Płód
hrvatski: Plod
Ido: Frukto
Ilokano: Bunga
Bahasa Indonesia: Buah
íslenska: Ávöxtur
italiano: Frutto
עברית: פרי
Basa Jawa: Woh
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಹಣ್ಣು
қазақша: Жеміс
Kinyarwanda: Urubuto
Kiswahili: Tunda
Kongo: Mbuma
Kreyòl ayisyen: Fwi
kurdî: Fêkî
Кыргызча: Мөмө
лакку: Ахъулсса
Latina: Fructus
latviešu: Auglis
lietuvių: Vaisius
lingála: Mbuma
Lingua Franca Nova: Fruta
la .lojban.: grute
lumbaart: Fröt
magyar: Gyümölcs
मैथिली: फल
Malagasy: Voankazo
മലയാളം: ഫലം
मराठी: फळ
مصرى: فاكهه
Bahasa Melayu: Buah
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Guō-sĭk
монгол: Жимс
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သစ်သီးဝလံ
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Vua
Nederlands: Vrucht (plant)
नेपाल भाषा: सि
日本語: 果実
Napulitano: Frutto
Nordfriisk: Frücht
norsk: Frukt
norsk nynorsk: Frukt
Nouormand: Frit
occitan: Fruch
олык марий: Саска
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫਲ
پنجابی: پھل فروٹ
پښتو: میوه
Patois: Fruut
Picard: Frut
polski: Owoc
português: Fruto
română: Fruct
Runa Simi: Ruru
русиньскый: Плод (ботаніка)
русский: Плод
संस्कृतम्: फलानि
Scots: Fruit
shqip: Fruti
Simple English: Fruit
سنڌي: ميوو
slovenčina: Plod (rastlina)
slovenščina: Plod
Soomaaliga: Miro
کوردی: میوە
српски / srpski: Плод
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Plod
Basa Sunda: Buah
suomi: Hedelmä
svenska: Frukt
Tagalog: Bungang-kahoy
தமிழ்: பழம்
తెలుగు: పండు
ไทย: ผลไม้
тоҷикӣ: Мева
Tsetsêhestâhese: Mene
Türkçe: Meyve
удмурт: Емыш
українська: Плід
اردو: پھل
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ظاصتاص يئضةن مئؤة
Tiếng Việt: Quả
walon: Frut
Winaray: Bunga
吴语: 果实
ייִדיש: פרוכט
粵語:
žemaitėška: Vaisios
中文: 果实