French Union

French Union

Union française
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, equality, brotherhood"
French Union.svg
Common languagesFrench
Historical eraCold War
27 October 1946
5 October 1958
CurrencyFrench franc
CFA franc
CFP franc
French Indochinese piastre
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of the French Republic
French colonial empire
French Community
Kingdom of Laos
State of Vietnam
North Vietnam
Kingdom of Cambodia
French Guinea

The French Union (French: Union française) (1946–1958) was a political entity created by the French Fourth Republic to replace the old French colonial system, colloquially known as the "French Empire" (Empire Français). It was the formal end of the "indigenous" (indigène) status of French subjects in colonial areas.


The French Union had five components:

  1. Metropolitan France, which included French Algeria.
  2. 'Old' colonies, notably those of the French West Indies in the Caribbean that became overseas departments in 1946.
  3. 'New' colonies, renamed overseas territories.
  4. Protectorates of French Indochina. It had been expected that other protectorates would become part of the French Union, but the rulers of French Morocco and French Tunisia refused to become members and never belonged.[1]
  5. United Nations Trust Territories, such as French Cameroons and French Togoland, successors of the League of Nations mandates.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Franse Unie
български: Френски съюз
Cymraeg: Undeb Ffrainc
español: Unión Francesa
Esperanto: Franca Unio
français: Union française
한국어: 프랑스 연합
Bahasa Indonesia: Uni Prancis
italiano: Unione francese
Bahasa Melayu: Kesatuan Perancis
Nederlands: Union française
português: União Francesa
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Francuska unija
українська: Французький Союз
Tiếng Việt: Liên hiệp Pháp