Fremantle

Fremantle
Western Australia
Aerial view of Fremantle.JPG
Aerial view of Fremantle
Fremantle is located in Western Australia
Fremantle
Fremantle
Coordinates32°03′25″S 115°44′38″E / 32°03′25″S 115°44′38″E / -32.05694; 115.74389
Population26,582 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density1,399/km2 (3,624/sq mi)
Established1829
Postcode(s)6160
Area19.0 km2 (7.3 sq mi)
Time zoneAWST (UTC+8)
Location19 km (12 mi) SW of Perth CBD
LGA(s)City of Fremantle
State electorate(s)Fremantle
Federal Division(s)Fremantle

Fremantle (əl/) is a major Australian port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River. Fremantle Harbour serves as the port of Perth, the state capital. Fremantle was the first area settled by the Swan River colonists in 1829.[2] It was declared a city in 1929,[3] and has a population of approximately 27,000.

The city is named after Captain Charles Fremantle, the English naval officer who established a camp at the site on 2 May 1829.[4] The city contains well-preserved 19th century buildings and other heritage features. The Western Australian vernacular diminutive for Fremantle is Freo.[5] The Nyungar name for the area is Walyallup.

Geography

Fremantle lies on a series of limestone hills known by the Nyungar people as Booyeembara; the sandplain to the east is Gardoo.[6][7] The original vegetation of the area was mainly Xanthorrhoea and eucalyptus trees, which were traditionally fired annually by the Aboriginal people.

The suburb of Fremantle is bounded by the Swan River to the north and north-west, the Indian Ocean to the west, South Street to the south, and the suburbs of East Fremantle and White Gum Valley to the east. The central part of the suburb extends eastwards to include Royal Fremantle Golf Club and a suburban area south of Marmion Street and west of Carrington Street.[8] The City of Fremantle local government area also includes the suburbs of Beaconsfield, Hilton, North Fremantle, O'Connor, Samson, South Fremantle, and White Gum Valley. East Fremantle has its own town council and is not governed by the City of Fremantle.

Fremantle is the end of the Fremantle railway line which runs from Perth to Fremantle, run by the Western Australia's Public Transport Authority. Major highways including Stirling Highway, Canning Highway and Leach Highway have Fremantle as their start point and/or terminus.

Climate

Fremantle has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa). The regular sea breeze is known as the Fremantle Doctor, as it provides cooling relief from the summer heat when it arrives between noon and 3pm. Fremantle is generally a few degrees cooler than Perth in summer and less cold in winter.

Climate data for Fremantle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.4
(108.3)
41
(106)
39.4
(102.9)
35.8
(96.4)
28.3
(82.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.5
(77.9)
26
(79)
26.8
(80.2)
36.3
(97.3)
39
(102)
40
(104)
42.4
(108.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
27.9
(82.2)
26.4
(79.5)
23.6
(74.5)
20.3
(68.5)
18.1
(64.6)
17.1
(62.8)
17.3
(63.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.1
(68.2)
23
(73)
25.4
(77.7)
22.1
(71.8)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.1
(64.6)
17
(63)
14.9
(58.8)
12.7
(54.9)
11.1
(52)
10
(50)
10.2
(50.4)
11
(52)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
16.5
(61.7)
13.8
(56.8)
Record low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
10.2
(50.4)
7.4
(45.3)
5.1
(41.2)
5.1
(41.2)
4
(39)
3
(37)
3.1
(37.6)
2.2
(36)
5.1
(41.2)
6.7
(44.1)
9.4
(48.9)
2.2
(36)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
11.3
(0.445)
16.3
(0.642)
41.3
(1.626)
112.8
(4.441)
165.5
(6.516)
156.2
(6.15)
117.7
(4.634)
69.2
(2.724)
42.2
(1.661)
18.2
(0.717)
11.4
(0.449)
764.6
(30.102)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.6 2.6 4.2 7.8 14.1 17.8 19.3 17.4 14.4 10.9 6.8 3.9 121.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 1500) 57 55 57 59 62 64 66 63 62 62 59 60 61
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[9]
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