Fredericia

Fredericia
Town
Landsoldaten.jpg
The statue Landsoldaten ("The Foot Soldier") in Fredericia, Denmark
Coat of arms
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark
 (Syddanmark)
MunicipalityFredericia
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Coordinates55°34′N 9°45′E / 55°34′N 9°45′E / 55.567; 9.750
Population39,922 (2014)
Founded1650
 - Current municipality1970
TimezoneCET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code7000
Area code(+45) 72
Fredericia is located in Denmark
Fredericia
Location in Denmark
Website: www.fredericia.dk
Plan of Fredericia in 1900

Fredericia (Danish pronunciation: [fʁɛðəˈʁɛ(t)ɕa])[1] is a town located in Fredericia municipality in the southeastern part of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark, in a sub-region also known as Trekantsområdet (the Triangle Area). It was founded in 1650 by Frederick III, after whom it was named.

The city itself has a population of 39,922 January 2014)[2] and the Fredericia municipality has a population of 50,324 (2014).

History

After the devastation caused by the Thirty Years War in a largely unfortified Jutland, King Christian IV realized the necessity of building a strong fortress in Jutland, and decided that this project could be combined with his plans for building a large town in Jutland.

A fortified encampment was built on a point of land called Lyngs Odde, near the current location of Fredericia, with a rampart stretching to either side of the point, thus protecting the encampment from attacks. However, the fortifications were not perfect, and when Swedish Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson invaded Jutland, he was able to break through the ramparts. It was Frederick III who was finally able to complete the plans for the fortification, also adding a flank fortification on nearby Bers Odde as suggested by Danish Imperial Marshal Anders Bille.

On 15 December 1650, the King signed the document giving the town its first privileges, and work on the new fortifications could begin. In 1651, the town was named Frederiksodde (Frederick's Point) after the king, and on 22 April 1664, it was given the new Latinized name of Fredericia.

Every 6 July, the town of Fredericia holds a festival to commemorate the 1849 Battle of Fredericia, fought during the First War of Schleswig, in which Danish troops won a victory over the Schleswig-Holstein rebels who were laying siege to the town. Fredericia's landmark, Landsoldaten, was unveiled on 6 July 1858.[3]

Other Languages
asturianu: Fredericia
беларуская: Фрэдэрысія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фрэдэрысія
català: Fredericia
dansk: Fredericia
Deutsch: Fredericia
eesti: Fredericia
español: Fredericia
Esperanto: Fredericia
فارسی: فردریسیا
føroyskt: Fredericia
français: Fredericia
Gàidhlig: Fredericia
hrvatski: Fredericia
íslenska: Fredericia
עברית: פרדריסיה
kalaallisut: Fredericia
ქართული: ფრედერისია
kaszëbsczi: Fredericia
қазақша: Фредерисия
Latina: Fredericia
lietuvių: Frederisija
magyar: Fredericia
македонски: Фредериција
Bahasa Melayu: Fredericia
Nederlands: Fredericia (stad)
Nordfriisk: Fredericia
norsk: Fredericia
Plattdüütsch: Fredericia
polski: Fredericia
português: Fredericia
română: Fredericia
русский: Фредерисия
Scots: Fredericia
Seeltersk: Fredericia
српски / srpski: Фредериција
suomi: Fredericia
svenska: Fredericia
Türkçe: Fredericia
українська: Фредерісія
Tiếng Việt: Fredericia
Volapük: Fredericia