Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro

Portrait of Francisco Pizarro.jpg
Portrait of Francisco Pizarro by Amable-Paul Coutan, 1835
Governor of New Castile
In office
26 July 1529 – 26 June 1541
MonarchCharles I
Succeeded byCristóbal Vaca de Castro
Captain General of New Castile
In office
26 July 1529 – 26 June 1541
Personal details
Bornc. 1471 or 1476
Trujillo, Crown of Castile
Died26 June 1541 (aged 65–70)
Lima, New Castile
Spouse(s)Inés Huaylas Yupanqui
ChildrenFrancisca Pizarro Yupanqui
Military service
Allegiance Spain
Years of service1496–1541
Battles/warsSpanish conquest of Peru

Francisco Pizarro González (/; Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko piˈθaro]; c. 1471 – 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who led the Spanish conquest of Peru. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, and claimed the lands for Spain.

Early life

Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Cáceres, Spain (then in the Crown of Castile) in modern-day Extremadura, Spain. He was the illegitimate son of infantry colonel Gonzalo Pizarro (1446–1522) and Francisca González, a woman of poor means. His date of birth is uncertain, but it is believed to be sometime in the 1470s, probably 1474. Little attention was paid to his education and he grew up illiterate.[1]

His father was a colonel of infantry who served in Navarre and in the Italian campaigns under Córdoba. His mother married late in life and had a son Francisco Martín de Alcántara, who was at the conquest of Peru with his half-brother from its inception.[2] Through his father, Francisco was a second cousin, once removed, of Hernán Cortés.[3]

On 10 November 1509, Pizarro sailed from Spain to the New World with Alonso de Ojeda on an expedition to Gulf of Urabá in Tierra Firme. Pizarro became a participant in Ojeda's failed colony, commanding the remnants until he abandoned it with the survivors.[4]:93 He sailed to Cartagena and joined the fleet of Martín Fernández de Enciso in 1513.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Fransisko Pizarro
беларуская: Франсіска Пісара
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Франсыска Пісара
estremeñu: Francisco Pizarro
हिन्दी: पिज़ारो
Bahasa Indonesia: Francisco Pizarro
македонски: Франциско Пизаро
Bahasa Melayu: Francisco Pizarro
Nederlands: Francisco Pizarro
norsk nynorsk: Francisco Pizarro
português: Francisco Pizarro
Simple English: Francisco Pizarro
slovenčina: Francisco Pizarro
slovenščina: Francisco Pizarro
српски / srpski: Франсиско Пизаро
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Francisco Pizzaro
українська: Франсіско Пісарро
Tiếng Việt: Francisco Pizarro
文言: 皮薩羅
粵語: 皮澤洛