Flute

A selection of flutes from around the world

The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group. Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening. According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel–Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones.[1][not in citation given] A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, flautist, flutist or, less commonly, fluter or flutenist.

Flutes are the earliest extant musical instruments, as paleolithic instruments with hand-bored holes have been found. A number of flutes dating to about 43,000 to 35,000 years ago have been found in the Swabian Jura region of present-day Germany. These flutes demonstrate that a developed musical tradition existed from the earliest period of modern human presence in Europe.[2][3]

Etymology and terminology

The word flute first entered the English language during the Middle English period, as floute,[4] or else flowte, flo(y)te,[5] possibly from Old French flaute and from Old Provençal flaüt,[4] or else from Old French fleüte, flaüte, flahute via Middle High German floite or Dutch fluit. The English verb flout has the same linguistic root, and the modern Dutch verb fluiten still shares the two meanings.[6] Attempts to trace the word back to the Latin flare (to blow, inflate) have been pronounced "phonologically impossible" or "inadmissable".[5] The first known use of the word flute was in the 14th century.[7] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, this was in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Hous of Fame, c.1380.[5]

Today, a musician who plays any instrument in the flute family can be called a flutist (pronounced "FLEW-tist", most common in the US),[8] or flautist (pronounced "FLAW-tist", most common in the UK),[9] or simply a flute player (more neutrally). Flutist dates back to at least 1603, the earliest quotation cited by the Oxford English Dictionary. Flautist was used in 1860 by Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Marble Faun, after being adopted during the 18th century from Italy (flautista, itself from flauto), like many musical terms in England since the Italian Renaissance. Other English terms, now virtually obsolete, are fluter (15th–19th centuries)[10][11][12] and flutenist (17th–18th centuries).[6][13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fluit
Alemannisch: Flöte
العربية: فلوت
aragonés: Flauta
অসমীয়া: বাঁহী
asturianu: Xiblata
Avañe'ẽ: Mimby
azərbaycanca: Fleyta
বাংলা: বাঁশি
Bân-lâm-gú: Phín-á
башҡортса: Флейта
беларуская: Флейта
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Флейта
Bikol Central: Flute
български: Флейта
བོད་ཡིག: གླིང་བུ།
bosanski: Flauta
brezhoneg: Fleüt
буряад: Бэшхүүр
català: Flauta
čeština: Flétna
chiShona: Chinyenze
Cymraeg: Ffliwt
dansk: Fløjte
Deutsch: Flöte
eesti: Flööt
Ελληνικά: Φλάουτο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Sibiōl
español: Flauta
Esperanto: Fluto
euskara: Txirula
فارسی: فلوت
Fiji Hindi: Bansuri
føroyskt: Floyta
français: Flûte
Frysk: Fluit
Gaeilge: Fliúit
galego: Frauta
한국어: 플루트
Hawaiʻi: ‘Ohe kani
հայերեն: Ֆլեյտա
हिन्दी: बाँसुरी
hrvatski: Flauta
Ido: Fluto
interlingua: Flauta
íslenska: Flauta
italiano: Flauti
עברית: חליל צד
Basa Jawa: Suling
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೊಳಲು
ქართული: ფლეიტა
қазақша: Флейта
Kiswahili: Zumari
Кыргызча: Флейта
latviešu: Flauta
lietuvių: Fleita
Ligure: Flòuto
lumbaart: Flaüt
македонски: Флејта
മലയാളം: ഓടക്കുഴൽ
Bahasa Melayu: Seruling
монгол: Бишгүүр
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပလွေ
Nāhuatl: Tlapitzalli
नेपाली: मुरली
नेपाल भाषा: बाँसुरी
日本語:
Nordfriisk: Floit
norsk: Fløyte
norsk nynorsk: Fløyte
occitan: Flaüta
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବଂଶୀ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fleyta
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫ਼ਲੂਟ
پنجابی: ونجلی
polski: Flet
português: Flauta
română: Flaut
Runa Simi: Sirinka
русиньскый: Флавта
русский: Флейта
саха тыла: Флейта
Scots: Flute
shqip: Flauti
සිංහල: බටනලාව
Simple English: Flute
سنڌي: بانسري
slovenčina: Flauta
slovenščina: Flavta
کوردی: فلووت
српски / srpski: Флаута
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Flauta
suomi: Huilu
svenska: Flöjt
Tagalog: Bansi
తెలుగు: వేణువు
ไทย: ฟลูต
тоҷикӣ: Най
Türkçe: Flüt
українська: Флейта
اردو: بانسری
vepsän kel’: Soitoine
Tiếng Việt: Sáo (nhạc cụ)
Winaray: Plautá
吴语:
ייִדיש: פלייט
粵語:
中文:
Bahasa Hulontalo: Tulali
Kabɩyɛ: Hɩlaɣ