Floralia

Floralia
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 090.jpg
Triumph of Flora by Tiepolo (ca. 1743), a scene based on Ovid's description of the Floralia [1]
Observed byRoman Republic, Roman Empire
TypeClassical Roman religion
Celebrationsnude dancing, gladiator contests, theatrical performances, circus events
Observancessacrifice to Flora; ceremonial release of hares and goats; scattering of legumes; colorful garments worn
DateApril 28–May 3[2]
Related tothe goddess Flora

The Floralia was a festival in ancient Roman religious practice in honor of the goddess Flora, held April 27 during the Republican era, or April 28 in the Julian calendar. The festival included Ludi Florae, the "Games of Flora" which lasted for six days under the empire.[3]

The festival had a licentious, pleasure-seeking atmosphere. In contrast to many festivals which had a patrician character, the games of Flora were plebeian in nature.[4]

Flora

Flora is one of the most ancient goddesses of Roman religion and was one of fifteen deities to have her own state-supported high priest, the flamen Florialis. A goddess of flowers, vegetation, and fertility, she received sacrifices (piacula) in the sacred grove of the Arval Brothers, an archaic priesthood.[5] Her altar at Rome was said to have been established by the Sabine king Titus Tatius during the semi-legendary Regal period.[6] Flusalis (linguistically equivalent to Floralia) was a month on the Sabine calendar, and Varro counted Flora among the Sabine deities.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Floralia
беларуская: Флараліі
català: Floràlia
español: Floralias
français: Jeux floraux
հայերեն: Ֆլորալիա
italiano: Floralia
ქართული: ფლორალია
Latina: Floralia
lietuvių: Floralijos
Nederlands: Floralia
polski: Floralia
português: Florália
română: Floralia
русский: Флоралии
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Floralije
suomi: Floralia
svenska: Floralia
українська: Флоралії