Floral emblem

In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas. Some countries have a country-wide floral emblem; others in addition have symbols representing subdivisions. Different processes have been used to adopt these symbols – some are conferred by government bodies, whereas others are the result of informal public polls. The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.

National flowers

Africa

Mauritius

The national flower of Mauritius is Trochetia boutoniana.[1]

Seychelles

The national flower of the Seychelles is Angraecum eburneum, the tropicbird orchid (known locally as orkid payanke).[2]

South Africa

The national flower of South Africa is the King Protea (Protea cynaroides).[3]

Asia

Bangladesh

The national flower and floral emblem of Bangladesh is the shapla (Bengali: শাপলা), or Nymphaea nouchali)[4][5] See also: National Emblem of Bangladesh.

Brunei

Cambodia

Cambodia's national flower, the romduol

Cambodia formally adopted the romduol (Khmer: រំដួល) as its national flower in the year 2005 by a royal decree.[7] The royal decree designates the taxon as Mitrella mesnyi, however this is a taxonomically illegitimate synonym for Sphaerocoryne affinis Ridley.[8]

Indonesia

Jasminum sambac, the national flower of Indonesia and the Philippines.

There are three types of floral emblems that symbolize Indonesia:

  • the puspa bangsa (national flower) of Indonesia is melati (Jasminum sambac)
  • the puspa pesona (flower of charm) is anggrek bulan (Moon Orchid, Phalaenopsis amabilis)[6]
  • the puspa langka (rare flower) is padma raksasa rafflesia (Rafflesia arnoldii).

All three were chosen on World Environment Day in 1990.[9] and enforced by law through Presidential Decree (Keputusan Presiden) No. 4 1993,[10] On the other occasion Bunga Bangkai (Titan arum) was also added as puspa langka together with Rafflesia.

Melati (jasminum sambac), a small white flower with sweet fragrance, has long been considered as a sacred flower in Indonesian tradition, as it symbolizes purity, sacredness, graceful simplicity and sincerity. For example, on her wedding day, a traditional Indonesian bride's hair is often adorned with arrangements of jasmine, while the groom's kris is often adorned with a lock of jasmine. However, jasmine is also often used as floral offering for spirits and deities, and also often present during funerals which gave it its mystical and sacred properties. Moon Orchid was chosen for its beauty, while the other two rare flowers, Rafflesia arnoldii and Titan arum were chosen to demonstrate uniqueness and Indonesian rich biodiversity.

Each of the 33 provinces of Indonesia also has a native plant as its provincial flower.

Israel

The calanit, Israel's national flower.

The Israeli national flower is the poppy anemone (Anemone coronaria; calanit metzuya in Hebrew), chosen in 2013 to replace Cyclamen persicum.[11][12]

Laos

The national flower is the plumeria (champa),[6] despite it being no longer endemic.

Malaysia

National flower of Malaysia, the Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis).

The national flower of Malaysia is the bunga raya (Chinese Hibiscus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis).[6][13]

Maldives

The national flower of the Maldives is the pink polyantha rose (fiyaathoshi finifenmaa)[14]

Myanmar

Nepal

The rhododendron, the National flower of the himalayan Republic of Nepal.

North Korea

Philippines

The Philippines adopted the sampaguita (Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac) in 1934 as its national flower because it symbolises purity and cleanliness due to its colour and sweet smell.[6] It is popularly strung into garlands that are presented to visitors and dignitaries, and is a common offering to religious images.

Sri Lanka

Nymphaea nouchali is the national flower of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka – Nil mānel,(නිල් මානෙල්) blue-star water-lily (Nymphaea stellata).[17][18] Although nil means ‘blue’ in Sinhala, the Sinhalese name of this plant is often rendered as "water-lily" in English.

This beautiful aquatic flower appears in the Sigiriya frescoes and has been mentioned in ancient Sanskrit, Pali and Sinhala literary works. Buddhist lore in Sri Lanka claims that this flower was one of the 108 auspicious signs found on Prince Siddhartha's footprint.[19][20]

The Republic Of China (Taiwan)

The national flower was officially designated as the plum blossom by the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China on July 21, 1964.[21] The plum blossom, known as the meihua (Chinese: 梅花; pinyin: méihuā), is symbol for resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity, because plum trees often bloom most vibrantly even during the harshest winters.[22][23] The triple grouping of stamens represents Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People, while the five petals symbolize the five branches of the government.[21][22]

Thailand

The national flower for Thailand is Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula), locally known as dok khuen or rachapruek.[6]

Europe

Belarus

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Denmark

  • Denmark - " Marguerite Daisy"[27]

Estonia

Finland

France

  • France - Iris/Fleur-de-Lis[29]

Guernsey

Hungary

Iceland

Lithuania

Poland

Russia

Slovakia

United Kingdom

Milk thistle flowerhead

Ukraine

North America

Antigua and Barbuda

The national flower of Antigua and Barbuda is Agave karatto, also known as ‘dagger log’ or ‘batta log’.[31]

The Bahamas

The national flower of the Bahamas is the Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans).[32]

Barbados

The national flower of Barbados is the known locally as the Pride of Barbados (Caesalpinia pulcherrima).[33]

Belize

The national flower of Belize is the Black Orchid (Prosthechea cochleata)[34]

Canada

The maple leaf is widely used as a symbol for Canada. The maple tree was officially recognized as Canada's arboreal emblem in 1996.[35]

The official Provincial and Territorial floral emblems are:

Many Canadian flags and coat of arms have floral emblems on them. The flag of Montreal has four floral emblems. On the right side of the flag of Saskatchewan overlapping both green and gold halves is the western red lily, the provincial floral emblem. The coat of arms of Port Coquitlam has the City's floral emblem, the azalea displayed on a collar. The coat of arms of Prince Edward Island displays Lady's Slippers, the floral emblem of the Island. The coat of arms of Nova Scotia has the trailing arbutus or mayflower, the floral emblem of Nova Scotia, added when the arms were reassumed in 1929.

Costa Rica

The national flower of Costa Rica is the guaria morada (Guarianthe skinneri).[50]

Dominican Republic

The Bayahibe Rose, national flower of the Dominiican Republic.

The Dominican Republic's national flower was the flower of the caoba (mahogany tree, Swietenia mahagoni). In 2011, the mahogany was dubbed the national tree, vacating the national flower spot for the Bayahibe rose (Pereskia quisqueyana) in order to bring attention to its conservation.[51]

Guatemala

The national flower of Guatemala is the monja blanca (Lycaste skinneri var. alba).[52]

Haiti

Hibiscus, the national flower of Haiti

Honduras

The national flower of Honduras is the orchid Rhyncolaelia digbyana. [55]

Jamaica

The national flower of Jamaica is the lignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale).[56]

Mexico

The national flower of Mexico is the dahlia (dahlia pinnata).

United States

In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed legislation to make the rose[57] the floral emblem of the United States.[58] In the United States, state flowers and trees have been adopted as symbols by state legislatures.

Oceania

Golden Wattle, the floral emblem of Australia since 1988
New Zealand's floral emblem, the Kowhai

Australia

The Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) was officially proclaimed the floral emblem of Australia on 1 September 1988.[59]

French Polynesia

The Tahitian gardenia (tiare flower) is the national flower of Tahiti, French Polynesia and the Cook Islands.

Fiji

The national flower is tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei), a vine with red and white flowers endemic to the highlands of the island of Taveuni.

New Zealand

New Zealand does not have an official national flower however the Silver Fern (foliage) is acknowledged as a national emblem in New Zealand.[60] The Kowhai (Sophora spp., native trees with yellow cascading flowers) is usually regarded as the national flower. Other plant emblems are: Koru (a curled fern symbol) and the crimson-flowered Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa), also called New Zealand's Christmas tree.

Tonga

The heilala ( Garcinia sessilis) is Tonga's national flower. The name of Tonga's beauty pageant, the Heilala Festival, is taken from this flower. Resorts, as well as products, are also often named after this flower, such as the Heilala Lodge and Heilala Vanilla. The flower is also used in Tonga for medicinal and ornamental purposes.

South America

Argentina

The national flower of Argentina, and Uruguay.

The national flower of Argentina is the flower of the ceibo tree (Erythrina crista-galli), also known as seibo or bucaré[61]

Bolivia

Bolivian national flowers are the kantuta (Cantua buxifolia) and patujú (Heliconia rostrata).

Brazil

The national flower of Brazil is the flower of the Golden Trumpet Tree (Handroanthus albus).

Chile

  • Chile – Copihue (Lapageria rosea)
Copihue, the national flower of Chile

Colombia

Cattleya trianae is the national flower of Colombia and is the orchid which flowers in May. The May flower was chosen because the colors are the same as those of the Colombian flag.

Guyana

Peru

The national flower of Peru is the cantuta (also spelled kantuta or qantuta, from Quechua qantu). It can be found at the high valleys of the Andean territory, in Peru and Bolivia.

Paraguay

Suriname

Called faya lobi ("fiery love") in Sranantongo, the ixora coccinea is a commonly considered a symbol of Suriname.

Uruguay

Cattleya mossiae, Venezuela.

Venezuela

Other Languages
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azərbaycanca: Milli Gül
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Simple English: List of national flowers
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粵語: 國花
中文: 国花