Flight length

"Long Haul" redirects here. For other uses, see The Long Haul.

In aviation, the flight length is defined as the distance of a flight.


Lufthansa considers the Embraer E-190 as a short-haul airliner
Lufthansa considers the Airbus A320 family medium-haul aircraft
Lufthansa defines the Boeing 747-8 as a long-haul airliner

Eurocontrol defines short-haul routes as shorter than 1,500 km (810 nmi), medium-haul between 1,500 and 4,000 km (810 and 2,160 nmi) and long-haul routes as longer than 4,000 km (2,200 nmi). [1] The Association of European Airlines defines Long-haul as flights to Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Australasia and medium haul as flights to north Africa and Middle East. [2]

Lufthansa defines its fleet as long-haul for wide-body aircraft, medium-haul for narrow-body aircraft like the A320 and B737 families, and short-haul for regional jets like the Embraer E-Jets or the Bombardier CRJ-900. [3] Virgin Australia defines domestic flights as within Australia, Short Haul to South East Asia/Pacific and Long Haul to Abu Dhabi or Los Angeles. [4] Air Berlin defines Short and medium-haul as flights to Europe/northern Africa and Long-haul to the rest of the world. [5] Thomson Airways defines the Boeing 737 as a short and mid-haul airliner while the Boeing 767 and B787 as long haul. [6] Air France defines short haul as domestic, medium haul as within Europe/North Africa and long haul as the rest of the world. [7]

Short-haul flights

Thomas Cook Airlines defines a short-haul flight as taking less than three hours to complete. [8][ verify] A short-haul flight for Cathay Pacific may be a flight between Hong Kong and Taipei or Manila. [9][ dead link] For Etihad, a short-haul might include a flight from the UAE to India.[ verification needed]

In the United Kingdom, Air Passenger Duty is levied on all flights by the UK Treasury according by distance bands of 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi).

The Loganair Westray to Papa Westray route is the shortest commercial flight in the world over 2.8 km (1.7 mi) in two minutes scheduled flight time including taxiing.

Medium-haul flights

Medium-haul airliners are constitued by the Airbus A320 family and the Boeing 737.

Long-haul flights

A long-haul flight is typically made with a wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A330/ A340, A350 and A380, or Boeing 747, B767, B777 and B787.

The ultra long-haul flights are done with long-range airliners such as the Boeing 777-200LR, Boeing 787-9, Airbus A340-500, Airbus A350-900, or the Airbus A380-800. The Longest is the Qatar Airways flight between Auckland and Doha, covering 14,535 km (7,848 nmi) with a Boeing 777-200LR. [10] The longest ever was Singapore Airlines Flight 21 from Newark to Singapore, covering 15,343 km (8,285 nmi) in 18.5 hours using an Airbus A340-500. [11]

Main article: ultra long-haul
See also: longest flights
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