The colors of the flag were adapted from those of the
Rassemblement Démocratique Africain, the dominant movement at the time of independence. The colors were in turn derived from those of
Ghana, which had first adopted them in 1957.
Sekou Toure, the first
President of Guinea, was a close associate of
Kwame Nkrumah, the former president of Ghana.
Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs who died from slavery and wars, yellow represents the sun and the riches of the country, and green the country's vegetation. In keeping with other flags in the region, the
Pan-African movement's colors of red, yellow, and green are used.
As a former
French colony it may be no coincidence that the design is a
tricolor. The colors of the flag from left to right are the reverse of the
flag of Mali. The previous
flag of Rwanda, whose design was inspired by the flag of the
Kingdom of Rwanda, had a large black R to make it distinguishable from the near-identical flag of Guinea.