James I of England,
King of Scots,
Orders in Council, 1606:
||By the King: Whereas, some differences hath arisen between Our subjects of South and
North Britaine travelling by Seas, about the bearing of their Flagges: For the avoiding of all contentions hereafter. We have, with the advice of our Council, ordered: That from henceforth all our Subjects of this Isle and Kingdome of Great Britaine, and all our members thereof, shall beare in their main-toppe the
Red Crosse, commonly called
St. George’s Crosse, and the
White Crosse, commonly called
St. Andrew’s Crosse, joyned together according to the forme made by our
heralds, and sent by Us to our Admerall to be published to our Subjects: and in their fore-toppe our Subjects of South Britaine shall weare the Red Crosse onely as they were wont, and our Subjects of North Britaine in their fore-toppe the White Crosse onely as they were accustomed. – 1606
King James had the habit of referring to a "Kingdom of Great Britain", considering that it had been created by the
Union of the Crowns. However, despite the personal union which he represented, in practice England and Scotland continued as separate kingdoms, each with its own parliament and laws, for another century. The Kingdom of Great Britain finally came into being in 1707.
"Scots union flag as said to be used by the Scots."
The flag of the new Kingdom was formally chosen on 17 April 1707, two weeks before the
Acts of Union of 1707 were to take effect. Sir
Henry St George,
Garter Principal King of Arms, had presented several possible designs to
Queen Anne and the
 The principal alternative for consideration was a version of the flag with the Cross of Saint Andrew lying on top of that of Saint George, called the "Scots union flag as said to be used by the Scots", but this was rejected.