Fernando de la Rúa

Fernando de la Rúa
Fernando de la Rúa con bastón y banda de presidente.jpg
President of Argentina
In office
10 December 1999 – 21 December 2001
Vice PresidentCarlos Álvarez (1999–2000)
None (2000–2001)
Preceded byCarlos Menem
Succeeded byRamón Puerta (provisional)
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
1st Chief of Government of Buenos Aires
In office
6 August 1996 – 10 December 1999
PresidentCarlos Menem
Vice PresidentEnrique Olivera
Preceded byJorge Domínguez (as appointed mayor)
Succeeded byEnrique Olivera
Personal details
Born(1937-09-15)15 September 1937
Córdoba, Argentina
Died9 July 2019(2019-07-09) (aged 81)
Loma Verde, Argentina
NationalityArgentine
Political partyRadical Civic Union/Alliance
Spouse(s)
Children3, including Antonio
ProfessionLawyer
Signature

Fernando de la Rúa (15 September 1937 – 9 July 2019) was an Argentine politician of the Radical Civic Union (UCR) who served as President of Argentina from 10 December 1999 to 21 December 2001. De la Rúa was born in Córdoba; he entered politics after graduating with a degree in law. He was elected senator in 1973 and unsuccessfully ran for the office of Vice President as Ricardo Balbín's running mate the same year. He was re-elected senator in 1983 and 1993, and as deputy in 1991. He unsuccessfully opposed the pact of Olivos between President Carlos Menem and party leader Raúl Alfonsín, which enabled the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution and the re-election of Menem in 1995.

De la Rúa was the first chief of government of Buenos Aires to be elected by popular vote, a change introduced by the amendment of the Constitution. He expanded the Buenos Aires Underground, adding new stations to Line D, starting the expansion of Line B, and establishing Line H. He established Roberto Goyeneche Avenue and the city's first bicycle path.

In 1999, De la Rúa was elected President after running on the Alliance ticket, a political coalition of the UCR and the Frepaso. He was opposed by the Peronist unions and his Vice President Carlos Álvarez resigned after denouncing bribes in the Senate. The economic crisis that began during Menem's administration worsened and by the end of 2001 led to a banking panic. The government established the Corralito to limit bank withdrawals. De la Rúa called a state of emergency during the December 2001 riots. He resigned on 20 December, and the Congress appointed a new President. Since then, he retired from politics and faced legal proceedings.

Early life

Fernando de la Rúa was the son of Eleonora Bruno and Antonio De la Rúa; he was born in the city of Córdoba and attended the local Military Lyceum before entering the National University of Córdoba, from which he graduated with a law degree at the age of 21.[1] He married a Buenos Aires socialite, Inés Pertiné, in 1970; they had three children, including Antonio de la Rúa. De la Rúa became involved in politics at a young age; he entered public service in 1963 as an advisor to President Arturo Illia's minister Juan Palmero.[2]

Advertisement for the September 1973 general elections, for the Ricardo Balbín-Fernando de la Rúa ticket

He was elected senator in the March 1973 general elections, defeating the Peronist Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo.[3] He was the only politician from the Radical Civic Union (UCR) who could defeat the Peronist candidate in his administrative division. The elected president Héctor José Cámpora and his vice president resigned a few months later, leading to the call to new elections. Ricardo Balbín ran for president in the September general elections, with De la Rúa as his running mate for the post of vice president. The UCR was defeated by Juan Perón in a landslide.[4] De la Rúa was removed from the Congress during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état. He left politics and worked as a lawyer for the firm Bunge y Born.[5]

The National Reorganization Process ended in 1983. De la Rúa intended to run for president but lost in the primary elections of the UCR to Raúl Alfonsín, who was elected in the general election.[5] De la Rúa ran for the post of senator instead, defeating the Peronist Carlos Ruckauf. He ran for re-election as senator in 1989 but, despite his electoral victory, the electoral college voted for the Peronist Eduardo Vaca.[6] De la Rúa was elected deputy in 1991 and returned to the senate in 1993. President Carlos Menem, elected in 1989, wanted to amend the constitution to allow him to run for re-election in 1995, which was opposed by the UCR. Alfonsín signed the Pact of Olivos with Menem, negotiating terms to support the proposal. De la Rúa led the opposition to the pact within the UCR, but Alfonsín prevailed in the internal dispute. This damaged the relationship between the two leaders, but helped the party to retain a number of radicals who were against the pact.[7] De la Rúa could not prevent the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution. As a result, Menem was re-elected in 1995.[8] The UCR finished third in the elections for the first time, being surpassed by the Frepaso, a new party composed by former Peronists.[7]

Other Languages
беларуская: Фернанда дэ ла Руа
Bahasa Indonesia: Fernando de la Rúa
Lëtzebuergesch: Fernando de la Rúa
Simple English: Fernando de la Rúa
slovenčina: Fernando de la Rúa
українська: Фернандо де ла Руа