Fehmarn

Fehmarn
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Fehmarn
Coat of arms
Location of Fehmarn
Fehmarn is located in Germany
Fehmarn
Fehmarn
Fehmarn is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Fehmarn
Fehmarn
Coordinates: 54°28′N 11°08′E / 54°28′N 11°08′E / 54.467; 11.133
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictOstholstein
Government
 • MayorJörg Weber (SPD)
Area
 • Total185.45 km2 (71.60 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
(2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total12,552
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
23769
Dialling codes04371 und 04372
www.stadtfehmarn.de

Fehmarn (About this soundGerman pronunciation ) (Danish: Femern) is, since 2003, a town on the island with the same name in the Baltic Sea, off the eastern coast of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and c. 18 kilometers south of the Danish island of Lolland. It belongs to the district of Ostholstein, Germany.

History

Earlier names of the island are Femera, Fimbria, Cimbria parva, and Imbra.[2] As a part of Wagria it was settled by the Slavic Lechitic tribe of Wagri in the Early Middle Ages; the name derives from Old Slavic fe more (in the sea), modern v more[3]. After their conquest and Christianization, they were progressively Germanized.

From the Middle Ages till 1864 Fehmarn formed part of the Danish Duchy of Schleswig. When the duchy was partitioned in 1544, it formed part of the duchy of John the Elder. Upon his death without heirs in 1580, Fehmarn became part of the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. After the Great Northern War Fehmarn along with the rest of Schleswig was united with the Danish crown. In 1864 Schleswig passed to Prussia as a result of the Second Schleswig War.

On 26 July 1932, the German Navy's training ship "Niobe" sank off the island during a sudden squall, with the loss of 69 lives. At Gammendorfer Strand on Fehmarn, within view of the site of the sinking, the Niobe-Denkmal monument was erected.

Since 1963, Fehmarn has been connected to the German mainland by a road and rail bridge crossing the Fehmarn Sound Bridge. It is 963.40 m (3160.76 ft.) long and 69 m high.

Other Languages
العربية: فيهمارن
تۆرکجه: فهمارن
беларуская: Фемарн
brezhoneg: Fehmarn
català: Fehmarn
čeština: Fehmarn
dansk: Femern
Deutsch: Fehmarn
eesti: Fehmarn
Ελληνικά: Φέμαρν
español: Isla de Fehmarn
Esperanto: Fehmarn
euskara: Fehmarn
فارسی: فهمارن
français: Fehmarn
한국어: 페마른섬
hrvatski: Fehmarn
Bahasa Indonesia: Fehmarn
íslenska: Fehmarn
italiano: Fehmarn
Basa Jawa: Fehmarn
ქართული: ფემარნი
қазақша: Фемарн
Кыргызча: Фемарн
lietuvių: Fėmarnas
magyar: Fehmarn
македонски: Фемарн
მარგალური: ფემარნი
Bahasa Melayu: Fehmarn
Nederlands: Fehmarn
norsk: Fehmarn
norsk nynorsk: Fehmarn
occitan: Fehmarn
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fehmarn
Plattdüütsch: Fehmarn
polski: Fehmarn
português: Fehmarn
română: Fehmarn
русский: Фемарн
Scots: Fehmarn
српски / srpski: Фемарн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fehmarn
suomi: Fehmarn
svenska: Fehmarn
Türkçe: Fehmarn
українська: Фемарн
Tiếng Việt: Fehmarn
Volapük: Fehmarn
Winaray: Fehmarn
中文: 费马恩